corona virus china made

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  • Jan 15, 2019

Coronavirus from China has made its way to the United States | Ars ...
Coronavirus from China has made its way to the United States | Ars …

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More than 211 853 people have been infected with the new virus, with significant outbreaks in Italy, Iran and Spain, and 104 deaths in the UK

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On December 31, 2019 the office (WHO) World Health Organization China heard the first reports of previously unknown virus behind a number of cases of pneumonia in Wuhan, a city in East China with a population of over 11 million.

What started as an epidemic is mainly confined to China has now become a global pandemic. There are now over 211 853 confirmed cases and 8724 deaths, according to the John Hopkins University, which collates information from national and international health authorities. This disease has been detected in over 150 countries and territories, with Italy, Iran and Spain experienced the most widespread outbreaks outside China. In the UK, there have been on March 18.

The Chinese government responded to the initial outbreak by placing Wuhan and nearby towns under de-facto quarantine covers about 50 million people in Hubei province. This quarantine is now slowly lifted, as the authorities watching to see whether the case will go up again. In Italy, which experienced the largest outbreak outside of China, the government took the unprecedented step to expand lockdown for the entire country, closing cinemas, theaters, gyms, discos and pubs and prohibit funerals and weddings. In Britain, the government has advised people to avoid all unnecessary social interactions or trips, and household directed where one person falls ill with symptoms of coronavirus to quarantine themselves for 14 days.

On March 11 the WHO officially declared that the outbreak Covid-19 is a pandemic. “WHO has assessed these outbreaks around the clock and we are very concerned both by the alarming rate of the spread and severity, and an alarming rate of inaction,” said the director general of the Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus. Although WHO has designated Covid-19 a “public health emergency of international concern” (PHEIC) on January 30, has been reluctant to call it a pandemic. “The pandemic is not the word to use lightly or carelessly. It is said that, if misused, can cause fear unreasonable or unjustified acceptance that the fight ends, leading to unnecessary suffering and death,” said Adhanom.

By
Matt Reynolds

A quick note about naming. Although popularly referred to as coronavirus, on February 11, WHO announced the official name of the disease: Covid-19. the virus that causes the disease will probably be called Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2, or Sars-CoV-2 for short-term, according to the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses.

Diseases of Wuhan seafood market where wild animals, including guinea pigs, birds, rabbits, bats and snakes, are traded illegally. Coronaviruses are known to jump from animals to humans, so it is thought that the first people infected with the disease – a group mainly composed of the stallholders of the seafood market -. Infected from contact with animals

Although the initial analysis of viruses that cause Covid-19 suggest that the virus looks similar to the snake, hunting animal sources Covid-19 was still on. A team of virologists in Wuhan Institute of Virology, show that the new coronavirus is genetically 96 per cent identical to the coronavirus found in bats, while found the genetic sequence of the coronavirus in pangolins is 99 percent similar to the human virus. Some of the early cases Covid-19, however, seems to have caused people with no links to the Wuhan market altogether, suggesting that the initial route of human infection may pre-date market case.

Wuhan market was closed for inspection and cleaning by January 1, but then seemed that Covid-19 has started to spread beyond the market itself. On January 21, sai thatd the disease was also being transmitted between humans – is clear evidence after the medical staff infected with the virus. Since then, evidence of human to human transmission has been established outside China spread, making the chances of containing the virus is much more difficult.

Coronavirus is a large group of viruses known to infect both humans and animals, and humans causing respiratory illnesses ranging from colds to more serious infections. The most famous case of epidemic coronavirus is, that, after the first detected in southern China in 2002, continued to affect 26 countries and resulted in more than 8,000 cases and 774 deaths. The number of people infected with Covid-19 now also surpassed those hit by Sars.

By
James Temperton

While the cause of the current outbreak was initially unknown, on January 7, Chinese health authorities to identify that it is caused by a strain of coronavirus has not been found in humans before. Five days later the government of China together with the genetic sequence of the virus so that other countries can develop their own diagnostic kits. virus now called Sars-CoV-2

While often mild -. The most common symptoms are fever and dry cough – in some cases they cause respiratory disease more serious, including pneumonia and bronchitis. It can be very dangerous in older patients, or those who have existing health conditions, and this seems to be the case with Covid-19. A study of 44 415 beginning of China Covid 19 patients found that 81 percent of people with confirmed infections experienced only mild symptoms. Of the remaining cases, 14 percent were in serious condition while five percent of those critical cases, suffering from respiratory failure, septic shock or multiple organ failure. In a Chinese study, 2.3 percent of all cases were confirmed dead, although the actual death toll may be much lower because more people will have been infected with the virus than positive.

China has borne the burden of Covid-19 infection (so far). On March 11, China’s health authorities have acknowledged over 81 102 cases and 3,231 deaths – most of them in the province of Hubei. On March 17, China recorded only 39 cases of the new virus – the slowdown is remarkable for a country that, at the peak of the outbreak in mid-February, saw more than 5,000 cases in one day

. but while things are slowing in China, the outbreak began to take in the whole world. Now there are confirmed cases in at least 150 countries and territories. Outside China, Italy has seen the highest number of cases, with 35,700 confirmed infections, mostly in the northern part of the country, and 2,978. The whole country is now on lockdown after the quarantine includes the country’s north was extended on March 9.

Spain is also in the grip of a significant outbreak. The country has 13 910 confirmed infections and 623 deaths – the second highest number in Europe. There, residents are under lockdown, the government closed all schools, bars, restaurants and supermarkets under the non-essential. People are only allowed to leave their homes to buy food or to go to work.

By
Natasha Bernal

Iran, too, is seeing a surge of cases. This country has confirmed at least 1,135 deaths and 17 361 cases. Many cases are linked to Qom, the main Shiite religious centers and cities with more than one million inhabitants. In the US, there have been more than 7323 cases and 115 deaths -. 55 of them in Washington State, which has become the epicenter of the outbreak of the US

While the number of new cases continues to rise sharply, people were also recovered from the infection. Globally, 80 643 people have been recovered from Covid-19 -. About 40 percent of all people who have a confirmed infection, although the actual number of cases to be much higher coronavirus

On March 18, Britain has reported 1,950 confirmed Covid-19 infection and 104 deaths. On March 16, Prime Minister Boris Johnson leads the conference coronavirus first daily press, said that the government now recommends that all social Contac Britons to avoid non-essentialt and traveling where possible. Although the bars, pubs and theaters remain open at this time, the government is advising people to avoid these areas and also work from home where they can. From Friday, March 20th all schools in England, Scotland and Wales will be closed until further notice. Only children who are vulnerable, or those who are sons and daughters of employees in the NHS or other key industries, will be allowed to remain in school.

People today live alone are encouraged to self-isolate for seven days if they have a fever or persistent dry cough – two of the most common symptoms of coronavirus. For families and other people who live together, the suggestion is that all households should self-isolate if there are members develop any of the symptoms. This strategy is part of a government plan ” to flatten the peak of the virus and reduce the burden on the NHS

An important part of this plan to protect those most vulnerable to Covid-19 .: people older than 70, or those who have an underlying health condition. The prime minister said that this shield may last for 12 weeks to ensure that the peak of the outbreak has passed, although it shows that these measures may have to be in place for 18 months. Despite these measures, some have been critical that the government’s stance does not go far enough. Italy and Spain have both in place comprehensive lockdowns, while South Korea has rolled-testing is very comprehensive for many residents.

By
Will Bedingfield

This outbreak also had a serious impact on the UK stock market. On March 9, the FTSE 100 fell more than eight percent, knocked billions off the value of major UK companies. Changes Cinema Odeon, Cineworld and Vue closed their doors while Euro 2020 was also postponed until 2021, which is an added blow for broadcasters, particularly ITV.

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Covid-19 shares many symptoms with the flu or a cold, although there are certain symptoms common to flu and colds are not usually seen in Covid-19. People with confirmed cases Covid-19 rarely suffer from colds, for example.

The most common symptoms are fever Covid 19th and dry cough. Of the 55 924 cases of Chinese beginning of the disease, nearly 90 percent of patients had a fever and more than two-thirds suffer with dry cough. That is why the British government is advising people with high temperatures or new, persistent cough to stay at home for seven days or, if they live with another person, for the whole household to isolate for 14 days from the first onset of symptoms.

Another symptom Covid-19 which is less common. Just under 40 percent of people with the disease experience fatigue, while a third person coughing up phlegm – the thick mucus from the lungs. Other rare symptoms include shortness of breath, muscle aches, sore throat, headache or chills. According to WHO, the symptoms tend to appear between five and six days after infection.

By
Matt Reynolds

A vaccine for Covid-19 is not around the corner. Bringing vaccines to market is a notoriously slow process and potential vaccine would have to pass through several stages of testing for safety and effectiveness. And once we know the vaccine is safe, we will also need to produce it at a high enough scale for use throughout the world. The possibility that any vaccine is about 18 months away.

That said, there is a lot of work being done to develop a vaccine for Covid-19. The pharmaceutical company Sanofi is trying to build a flu vaccine that has been approved and turn it into something suitable for treating Covid-19. other approaches – such as the one being tested by the University of Oxford – focusing on external spike protein on the virus Covid-19 as a way to target the vaccine.

But accelerate these efforts will require funding. Epidemic Preparedness Coalition for Innovation (CEPI) has called for $ 2 billion in funding to support the development of a new coronavirus vaccine.

The WHO has warned the head of Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus that the window of opportunity to contain Covid-19 is “narrowed”.the recent outbreak in Italy and Iran, which so far do not have a clear relationship to China, is a major challenge for health authorities to try to stop the spread of the virus.

After initially delayed the decision, on 11 March, the WHO declared a pandemic outbreak Covid 19th. The agency cites the rapid growth of cases outside China and the global spread of disease as the reason behind the appointment. In January, he also declared the outbreak a “public health emergency of international concern” -. The highest category of alert to outbreaks of infectious diseases

By
Alessio Perrone

Since 2009 only five declaration of a public health emergency of international: swine flu pandemic in 2009, an outbreak of polio in 2014, an outbreak of West African Ebola in 2014, an outbreak of the virus Zika 2015 and another outbreak of Ebola in the Democratic Republic of Congo in 2019.

Matt Reynolds is the science editor of WIRED. He tweets from

Updated 18:03:20, 18:38 GMT: The article has been updated to reflect the latest figures about the spread Covid-19. The original version of the article was published at 11.30 GMT on January 23, 2020.

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