If you have symptoms of Covid-19, it’s time to seek medical care and how to protect people living with.
With the United States now face a serious outbreak of coronavirus alone, it’s natural to wonder if you will get a respiratory disease and what you can do about it. Several thousand cases and dozens of deaths have been. But since, the likelihood is even greater outbreak.
We are in the 37k test the capacity. We’re traveling to 100K. It would be a good start. The number of tests is NOT equal to the total of patients. Patients often tested several times, either to confirm infection and will be released from isolation after testing positive.
One modeler respected, Trevor Bedford, an expert in computational biology at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle, said there may have been or more cases in the US on March 13 Marty Makary, a professor of medicine at Johns Hopkins University , Yahoo Finance that the number of infections at this time could be between 50,000 and 500,000. “We will experience the worst since the public health epidemic of polio,” says Makary.
As further evidence of unreported cases widely, Marc Lipsitch, director of the Center for Infectious Disease Dynamics at Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, CDC, who regularly track the symptoms are similar to Covid-19. He noted that symptoms such as fever, cough, and sore throat uptrend, while the confirmed flu cases is going down.
As a coronavirus spread, it becomes a severe national crisis could burden our health care system. are particularly vulnerable to severe illness Covid 19th, and tens or hundreds of thousands of them could require hospitalization in the coming weeks and months. So we need to take collective steps now to protect yourself and others. Here’s what you need to know:
There are many acronyms floating around, so first, just know that the SARS-CoV virus-2 (coronavirus) causes Covid-19. The virus is most commonly transmitted through close contact with an infected person who is within 6 feet of each other. When they cough or sneeze, they send droplets into the air, where they can land in the mouth or nose of people who are nearby or possibly be inhaled into the lungs. Droplets containing the virus can also land on surfaces and objects which the virus can survive for some time.
(a study has not been peer-reviewed) from researchers at the National Institutes of Health, Princeton, and UCLA are studying the coronavirus new in the laboratory, can last up to 24 hours on cardboard and for two or three days on plastic and stainless steel. (Other studies show it can remain contagious for.)
The danger of infection here is one touch these surfaces and then touching your eyes, nose, or mouth. The CDC, however, that “this is not considered the main way viruses spread.”
Some diseases, such as measles, can also be transmitted by aerosol, which means that when a person coughs, tiny droplets filled with lingering virus in the air, sometimes for hours, where others can their breathing. Currently, there is limited evidence of coronavirus transmitted in this way, but it’s worth noting. One found the virus in aerosol form in a hospital in Wuhan, and others agree that doctors and nurses were infected via aerosol. There is also a fecal-oral transmission, which means you can ingest the virus shed in feces through adequate handwashing or contaminated food and water.
The good news is that the transmission can be prevented. Good personal hygiene and social distance can be very effective. “I’m not one of those people who usually go crazy about handwashing,” said Megan Murray, an infectious disease specialist and professor of global health at the Harvard School of Public Health. “Now I’m really, because it will help reduce [the] virus on your hands.”
Wash your hands frequently and carefully for the least is the hand sanitizer because it actually destroy the chemical structure of the virus. Any old soap will damage the outer layer of the virus, and you do not need special antibacterial soap. If soap and water are not available, use hand sanitizer with (no, this does not include vodka Tito).
shows that people may be most infectious early in the disease (and even before symptoms begin), which means that as soon as you start to feel sick, it is important to self-isolate. you becomeinfectious; the preprint related show that somewhere between 48 and 66 percent of 91 people in a cluster in Singapore infected by someone with no symptoms
This brand take precautions now -. like to cancel your travel plans and social gatherings- even more important. Effectiveness of comprehensive travel bans, especially when the community transmission has occurred, it is, but in general, minimizing social contact is the best method of prevention.
Avoid handshakes or hugs with people who are already out and about, and if possible, stay at least from others. This includes minimizing or avoiding the play dates, sleepovers, eat together, go out to eat, and visit friends and family members home.
Also important to know is that according to, about 25 percent of all cases may have originated in people who do not have symptoms -. Another reason social-distancing measures are very important
The most common symptom of Covid-19 is a fever, seen in nearly a patient, as well as a dry cough and shortness of breath. A study also showed that most of the coronavirus patients experience diarrhea, nausea, or vomiting, sometimes before symptoms begin breathing. The World Health Organization (WHO) says these symptoms usually come gradually
About 80 percent of Covid 19 cases reported “mild,” but as James Hamblin Atlantic, words can mislead .:
As the World Health Organization adviser Bruce Aylward last week, “mild” case COVID-19 is not equivalent to a mild cold. Expect it to be much worse: fever and cough, sometimes pneumonia nothing short of that needed oxygen. “Severe” case requires additional oxygen, sometimes through a breathing tube and ventilator. “Critical” cases involving “respiratory failure or multi-organ failure.”
The incubation period before symptoms appear range from, but. If you have been around someone who has a confirmed diagnosis Covid-19 or displaying symptoms, the most responsible thing to do is to self-quarantine for two weeks.
Yes, you do.
The reason is that the social distance is best if everyone – young and old, healthy and weak – that practice. no one has immunity, and everyone can get sick and spread the virus to others.
“People who are younger and healthier sick at the same time, people who are older will be hurt, and the more pressure there will be on the health care system,” Emily Landon, an infectious disease specialist and hospital epidemiologist at the University of Chicago Medical Center, this Vox Eliza Barclay and Dylan Scott.
Without safeguards, infects one person in an average of 2.5 people, and the case will spread exponentially. That means hospitals and medical staff will quickly become overwhelmed. At least from Covid 19 patients may need intensive care, and many require hospitalization for weeks.
Even if you are not at statistically higher risk of death from Covid-19, it is important to “flatten the curve” and adopt social measures-driven immediately to prevent most deaths.
Also, just being young and healthy not guarantee a mild disease. The epicenter of the outbreak of New Jersey from Covid-19, Holy Name Medical Center, on March 14, six of which are in the ICU, with ages ranging from 28-48.
If you have one or more symptoms of the new coronavirus, contact your doctor. If you are older or have an underlying medical condition, it is even more important to call your doctor, even if you only have mild symptoms, according to. Before you go to your doctor’s office, Murray says you should call ahead so that medical staff can wear the proper protective gear and ready to help take care of you without exposing others. Many health facilities ask that you wear a mask if you have symptoms and will be in for testing
The doctor will determine whether you should be tested .; if the test was ordered, you can expect a nasopharyngeal swab, where small Q-tip is to put your nose a few inches – not pleasant procedure, but there is no harm. This is then sent to the lab and put through a process called polymerase chain reaction, which detects specific genetic material in the virus. How long does it take to get the results back varies, but in the US, it was taking a few days
If you are worried about the cost of getting tested – .. The rep Katie Porter (D-CA) – the new CDC -new is committed to covering for all Americans regardless of insurance status, though when and how that will be implemented is yet to be announced. Currently, 1,000 have insurance, and some cities and states like New York said they would be for the tests. This is important because “if [insurance] does not cover the treatment, you should expect fewer people will go to get tested,” said Jennifer Flynn, who runs the health care campaign for the Center for Popular Democracy.
Many people know that they have been exposed to was having trouble actually getting tested. Flynn said colleagues developed the same symptoms after sharing a taxi with CPAC attendees, a conference in DC where of Covid-19.
That’s true even in Covid-19 hot spot. Citizens Redmond, a suburb of Seattle, one of the epicenters of the nation’s outbreak, says he woke up last week with a tight chest, fever and dry cough.
First, he called the King County hotline and was told to call her primary care provider. The doctor told him to go to the emergency room, where the hospital did not follow standard isolation protocol and medical staff do not wear basic protective gear. Teixeria said he was not able to get a test Covid-19 because they were tightly rationed to high risk and patients are hospitalized. Nor is he allowed to get two-view chest X-ray “so I do not contaminate the X-ray room,” he said. A sympathetic nurse finally slipped his off-the-record information in a private clinic where he might be able to get a test Covid-19 next week.
After you call your doctor, home living, said Tom Frieden,. Sounds like advice too simple, but it’s the best thing you can do. Next, you, including staying away from anyone you live with.
If you are not in one of the CDC, try to see your physician can actually expose you further. “You are most likely a single place for the encounter with the coronavirus is the hospital, so that’s the last place you want if you were afraid of infection,” said Murray. And if, in your quest to get tested, you go to the health center a few, you will expose the health worker at each site
If you think you may have Covid-19 -. And frankly, even if you do not, so you avoid the possibility of spreading before you have symptoms – avoiding all public areas. This means do not go to school or work, and try to avoid taking public transportation, including ride-call services like Uber, Lyfts, and taxis. If you do not have an adequate supply at home, consider asking friends or family to make deliveries to your door rather than going out alone. while you’re recuperating; otherwise, stay in touch by phone or online.
If you’re concerned about the quarantine at home where you do not feel secure, 24/7 support is available from. Call 1-800-799-7233 or text LoveIs to 22 522.
“Self-care [for coronavirus] is very similar to other upper respiratory tract infections,” said Elisa Choi, infectious diseases and internal medicine specialist in the Boston area. over-the-counter, such as a cough suppressant, can help minimize episodes of cough, and expectorants can help you cough up the goods.
Pain relievers and fever reducers such as acetaminophen (brand name Tylenol) can help treat muscle pain and reduce fever. Out of an abundance of caution, the WHO on March 18 that people with Covid-19 symptom avoid taking ibuprofen. Some scientists say there is no data to support this.
“There are some assumptions that were made with the hypothesis that can not be made without the test,” Angela Rasmussen, a research scientist at Columbia University’s Center Infection and Immunity, said Vox. “To my knowledge there is no evidence that ibuprofen brand [Covid-19] worse.”
Choi also urged to use common sense to manage the symptoms. “If you feel jams, you can try taking a hot bath or steam,” he said. “Sleep and the water is always good advice.” That “drinking enough water each day is generally good for your overall health.”
Choi and other medical professionals warn against misinformation circulated about the supposed home remedies, such as what happened with the email came from Stanford. This “cure” your breath without coughing and keep your mouth moist. Many of these ideas have not been proven, and some can be dangerous. (For example, you can.)
“It’s really time to stick with the facts,” said Choi. “Stay away from things that are being promotedSold without background is known. ” He recommends always check with your doctor if you have questions about a particular source of truth. And, as well as the local public health department and your country, is a good source of updated, verified information.
Choi said that the suspected or confirmed Covid-19 patients had to stay in their own rooms, and (ideally) not sharing a bathroom.
“They should try to stay as far away from other people in the household, and at least 6 feet,” he added. If you do share a bathroom, avoid being in the room at the same time as everyone else. WHO found that in China is among the family members.
If the sick person feels until, ideally, they should be the one to disinfect the bathroom after they use it. If your living conditions do not allow you to isolate yourself from others in your home, tell your doctor and / or health department.
The CDC has for disinfecting commonly touched surfaces such as “counters, tables, doorknobs, bathroom fixtures, toilets, telephones, keyboards, tablets, and a bedside table,” and it is recommended to do it every day. You can use one or create your own, like adding four teaspoons of bleach to one quart of water. The CDC also recommends wearing gloves when touching an item may be infected, such as used clothing or bedding, as well as surface disinfectants commonly used. When finished, dispose of gloves immediately in the garbage – and then wash your hands
Choi recommends washing your hands often to protect others in your household, and cover your nose and mouth when coughing or. sneezes with a tissue that you throw straight into the trash. If you are feeling sick, do not share cups, utensils, dish or bath towels, toothpaste, bed – or anything – to anyone. coronaviruses can survive on surfaces for several days.
Choi recommends monitoring your symptoms. “It’s less about quantity and more about the progress,” he said. Generally, low-grade fever is considered less than 100.4, but older people are generally less likely to mount a fever response. The main thing to note is that the more severe the symptoms. For example, if you initially have mild cough but began to have a prolonged attack, or if coughing becomes painful, he recommends calling your doctor again.
CDC You should seek medical attention immediately if you have difficulty breathing or shortness of breath, persistent pain or chest pressure, onset of confusion or inability to stay awake, and bluish lips or face. If you decide to go to the hospital, be sure to call ahead so that the hospital can prepare to recognize you without exposing others. If you already have a mask at home, this would be a good time to wear it; if you do not, do not go buy one. There is a severe shortage, and the medical staff of their needs.
Know that if you go to the hospital, there is currently no treatment for Covid-19. , Antiviral drug, is in clinical trials, but now, doctors are limited to providing supportive care such as oxygen.
While there is still much we do not know, Murray said that you have to yourself -isolate for at least 14 days after your initial symptoms. (There are a few reports of patients shedding virus, but they seem to be outliers.) This means avoiding contact with everyone. (Read.)
For its part, Choi suggested minimize all contact until the doctor or the public health department tells you that you are no longer contagious.
“Measures to control pandemic cans to be stressful,” said Choi, especially for people who may have challenges with isolated. This feeling may be even worse over the next few weeks, as the social-distancing measures at this time is likely to be extended. Such measures may also lead to financial difficulties and stress for people who can not work from home or would not get paid if they do not go to work.
experiencing cognitive dissonance about sustainable normality of their daily lives, or, conversely, changing very fast. Be kind to yourself and others if you are struggling. Whether you are afraid of getting sick or react to uncertainty, financial difficulties, or lack of information, and you are not alone.
If you have no previous mental health conditions, should be aware that this can lead to new or worsening symptoms. (Having a 24/7 Disaster Distress Helpline, reached at 1-800-985-5990. This is also the additional resource.)
No matter how stressed you feel, it is important not to scapegoat others. The virus is not transmitted by or infecting a particular group. “I’ve experienced anti-Asian racism itself,” Choi said, and “it was rude, hateful, and not based on facts.”
Knowing that the situation is not hopeless; collective behavior change can go a long way toward controlling the spread of this disease. China has now as case numbers continue to decline. But the social and economic impact of this pandemic can continue for months, so prepare yourself mentally for the long term
Is the little things that are, like giving yourself -. Laying Twitter – and maintain a normal routine as much as possible. If you are at home with family or roommates, find a way to give each other space. Be creative about finding ways to exercise; YouTube video is a great resource, if you can not get outside. Talking with your loved ones about what you and they need to remain happy and healthy.
Japan and China have both reported a few cases of people testing positive after initially recovered. It is unclear whether this is a recurrence or a new infection. In four medical professionals in Wuhan, the test detected viral genetic material after they stop experiencing the symptoms, but found genetic material does not mean you still can infect others.
Once you get sick, you may have some immunity, said Peter Hotez, dean of the National School of Tropical Medicine at Baylor College of Medicine, but really the jury is still out. “We do not know, it depends on your antibody response,” he said. (A new, exciting show that in monkeys, reinfection of Covid-19 does not occur.)
Hotez show that recovering patients seem to produce antibodies. He pointed to a new paper in the blood of patients recover as a treatment, or even prevention measures for first responders
However, the recovering patient may also have lasting effects .; Doctors in Hong Kong said that some patients recover have a reduced lung capacity. Another suggests some patients may have permanent damage.
How to build herd immunity?
The British government on Friday announced a strategy that allows the virus to spread to build herd immunity, although since walking back and. To control the herd immunity Covid-19, more than the population will need to get this disease. The logic is that the extreme lockdowns now will not stop the virus from returning in the future, when the action is loose.
The problem is that many people may succumb to the disease in the meantime, and that by not trying to control the spread, hospitals and medical systems would be overwhelmed. Achieve herd immunity in the UK will need more than the infected, that could mean about hundreds of thousands will die. Immunity may not last long enough to help, such as the flu, where new strains emerge every year. Rely on herd immunity is also contrary to the policy of WHO. , A pediatrician and former director of the WHO, tweeted, “Is it ethical to adopt policies that threaten the victim directly on the basis of the future benefits are not sure?”
There are that the virus is so widespread: 1) so many people will understand that we will develop immunity herd naturally, a term used to describe people get the disease and become resistant as a result, or 2) we will make and extensive produce an affordable vaccine. It is highly unlikely that we will see a big drop in Covid-19 case is getting warmer. Many places where there is now warmer weather, such as Singapore and Australia, have Covid-19 case.
There are no easy answers. “We must recognize that we will begin to see quite a lot in the hospital, especially ICU admissions,” Hotez said, “and we must ask the hard questions about what treatment we can do now.” Developing vaccines at best, which is why in the meantime, change your behavior is very important.
In the end, “this is a new disease, so while we tried to make a new prediction about the risks, all bets are off,” said Choi. “We’re learning because everything is growing actively in real time.”
Lois Parshley is a freelance investigative journalist and 2019-2020 Snedden chair of journalism at the University of Alaska Fairbanks. Search at Twitter.
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