coronavirus qual os sintomas

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  • Jan 14, 2019

Coronavírus: quais os sintomas e os riscos da doença covid-19 ...
Coronavírus: quais os sintomas e os riscos da doença covid-19 …

“A coronavirus new China, a cousin of the SARS virus have hundreds of infected people since the outbreak in Wuhan, China, in December. Scientists Leo Poon, a virologist at the School of Public health University of Hong Kong , who first translated the virus, believed that it comes from animals and spread to humans.

“what we know is that the cause of pneumonia and then does not respond to treatment with antibiotics, which is not surprising,” said Poon.

it is not clear how deadly coronavirus Wuhan will be, but at this time the death rate is lower than the mer and SARS, experts stressed that this will change as the outbreak of the World Health Organization desenvolver.A offer guidance to countries on how they can prepare for it, including how to monitor the patient and how the patient treated. Here’s what you should know about coronavirus.

what is Coronavíru s?

is to coronavirus group together common virus among animals. In rare cases, it is what scientists call a zoonosis, which means it can be transmitted from animals to humans, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Symptoms coronavirus

virus can make people sick, usually with diseases of the upper respiratory tract mild to moderate, similar to the common cold. Coronavirus symptoms include runny nose, cough, sore throat, headache and may possibly fever, which can last several days.

For those with weak immune systems, the elderly and the very young, there is a chance the virus that causes disease in the lower respiratory tract and more serious, such as pneumonia or bronchitis.

There are several types of known human coronavirus lethal.

Middle East respiratory syndrome, also known as Mers virus was first reported in the Middle East in 2012 and also cause respiratory problems, but these symptoms are much more severe. Three to four of 10 patients infected with Mers died, according to the CDC.

severe acute respiratory syndrome, also known as the SARS coronavirus is another that can cause severe symptoms. First identified in Guangdong province in southern China, according to the WHO, cause respiratory problems, but also can cause diarrhea, fatigue, shortness of breath, difficulty breathing and kidney failure. Depending on the age of the patient, the mortality rate of SARS ranges from 0 to 50% of cases, the most vulnerable older people.

Currently, it is believed that the coronavirus which Wuhan is lighter than SARS and mer and take longer to develop symptoms. Until now, patients have experience mild cough for a week, followed by shortness of breath, causing them to visit the hospital, said Peter Horby, a professor of infectious diseases and global health at the University of Oxford. To date, approximately 15% to 20% of cases have become severe, requiring, for example, the ventilation in the hospital.

As spreads

The virus can be spread through contact with the human animal. Scientists think that Mers started on a camel, according to the WHO. With SARS, scientists suspect that civets were to blame. The authorities do not yet know which animals might have led to the current outbreak in Wuhan.

When it comes to human to human transmission of the virus, usually occurs when a person comes in contact with secretions from an infected person, such as cough droplets.

Depending on the virulence of the virus, coughing, sneezing or handrails can lead to exposure. This virus can also be spread by touching something that an infected person and then touching the mouth, nose or eyes. Sometimes, health professionals can be affected by manipulating the waste of patients, according to the CDC.

human to human transmission has been confirmed for the coronavirus Wuhan, but now scientists are trying to understand the past, are most at risk and whether transmission occurs primarily in hospitals or in the community. SARS and mer widely transmitted in hospitals, Horby said.

Who is affected?

mer, SARS coronavirus Wuhan seems to cause more severe disease in older people, although uncertainty remains about ulthymus plague. Wuhan coronavirus cases reported to date, still no confirmation among children, Horby said. The median age is 40 years or more, he said.

Treatment of coronavirus

There is no specific treatment, but research is ongoing. Most often, the symptoms disappear and experts advise to seek early treatment. If the symptoms are worse than ordinary flu, see your doctor.

The doctor can relieve symptoms with prescription medication for pain or fever. The CDC says that the environment warm shower or humidifier can help with a sore throat or cough.

The recommendation is to drink plenty of fluids and stay home.

You have to worry about coronavirus Wuhan?

mortality for lower Wuhan coronavirus from SARS and mer, but still comparable with the 1918 Spanish flu pandemic, said Neil Ferguson, a professor of mathematical biology at Imperial college London.

“it is a significant concern globally,” said Ferguson, as yet not fully understand the severity.

Ferguson believes that the death toll is likely to be lower because of an “iceberg” of a lightweight case that has not been found, but he showed that the new virus spreads more rapidly through the population.

How can you avoid it?

there is no vaccine to protect against this virus family, at least not yet. Testing for mer vaccine are underway. US National Institutes of Health is working on a vaccine against the new virus, but it will take months for clinical trials to be initiated and more than a year until it becomes available.

You can reduce the risk of infection by avoiding sick people. Try to avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth. Wash your hands frequently with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.

Awareness is the key. If you are sick and have reason to believe may coronavirus Wuhan for a trip to the area or to contact someone who has been there, tell your doctor and seek early treatment.

Cover your mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing and disinfecting objects and surfaces where he played.

If you are traveling to China, aware of the symptoms and avoid the cattle market, which was initiated last outbreak in Wuhan.

coronavirus and pregnancy

in pregnant women, the most serious version of mer SARS coronavirus and can be severe.

SARS-associated disease has been linked to miscarriages, maternal mortality and critical illness mother, according to a study in 2004.

coronavirus, cats, dogs and other animals

The animals could get coronavirus and the infection can be severe. Sometimes the virus can cause deadly diseases. Can cause feline infectious peritonitis in cats and something called pantropic Canine coronavirus can infect dogs and cats, according to a study of 2011.

Cats can catch SARS, but no cats infected develop symptoms, according to research , Cat coronavirus is usually asymptomatic, but can cause light diarrhea. Feline infectious peritonitis, or FIP, can cause symptoms similar to the flu in cats, but can also be more serious for the cat and cause organ failure, but it is not contagious and does not spread from animal to animal or from person to person.

pantropic Canine coronavirus that can affect cats and dogs can be fatal to dogs, a study suggests.

This particular virus from dogs and cats seem not spread to humans. “

Source:

” coronavirus is a new strain of animal origin from the same family as SARS from India, which had in 2012.

Through mutations cause infection in men in the city of Wuhan in China.

risk of spread of the disease in other countries are low, there are only a sustained transition virus in China, only in some areas near the city of Wuhan.

There is an attempt to block transmission in China, to reduce the risk. Expansion and deployment

The risk in Brazil is small and at the time the recommendation is to reduce the risk of respiratory infections; sick with a cough or cold, avoid contact with others, use a tissue when sneezing, make frequent hand hygienes with alcohol gel, and outbreaks of times, people avoid, “says infectious disease specialist at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Dr. Alberto Chebabo.

and check out the full interview Dr. Alberto Chebabo for G1.

© 2019 Rights Sergio Franco DiagnósticaTodos protected Medicine

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