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the rapid spread of the virus that causes COVID-19 has sparked alarm around the world , The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared it spread rapidly coronavirus pandemic outbreak, and many countries grappling with the rise in confirmed cases. In the US, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is advising people to be prepared for disruption of daily life that would be required if the coronavirus spread in society.
Below, you’ll find answers to some questions about coronavirus and COVID-19. We’ll add new questions and answers updating reliable information becomes available.
Is it safe to take ibuprofen to treat symptoms of COVID-19?
The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends not to use ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil, many generic version) for COVID-19 symptom based on reports of healthy people with confirmed COVID-19 taking NSAIDs for the relief of symptoms and develop severe diseases, especially pneumonia. While this is only observation and not based on scientific studies, which now seems prudent to use acetaminophen to help reduce fever and ease aches and pains associated with this coronavirus infection. No specific recommendations were made regarding naproxen (Aleve, Naprosyn). Given naproxen and ibuprofen had similar actions, it is best to avoid naproxen as well. For now, if you suspect or know you have COVID-19 and could not take acetaminophen, or have been taking the maximum dose and still need help symptoms, contact your doctor for advice.
How long does coronavirus that causes COVID-19 survived on the surface?
A recent study found that COVID-19 coronaviruses can survive for up to four hours on copper, up to 24 hours on cardboard, and up to two to three days on plastic and stainless steel. The researchers also found that this virus can hang out as droplets in the air for up to three hours before they fall. But most often they will fall faster.
There is a lot we still do not know, such as how different conditions, such as exposure to sunlight, heat, or cold, can affect the viability of this time.
As we learn more, continue to follow the CDC recommendations for cleaning frequently touched surfaces and objects every day. This includes counters, tables, doorknobs, bathroom fixtures, toilets, telephones, keyboards, tablets, and bedside tables.
If the surface is dirty, first wash with detergent and water, then sterilize them. List of products that are suitable for use against COVID-19 available. This list has been pre-approved by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for use during COVID the 19th plague.
Also, wash your hands for 20 seconds with soap and water after bringing the package, or after a trip to the grocery store or other places where you may have come into contact with infected surfaces.
I have chronic medical conditions that put me at increased risk for severe illness from COVID-19, even though I was only in my 30s. ? What can I do to reduce my risk
You can take steps to reduce the risk of infection in the first place:
Also, do your best to keep your condition with good controlled. That means follow your doctor’s recommendations, including taking medications as directed. If possible, get a 90-day supply of your prescription medications and request that they be sent to you so you do not have to go to the pharmacy to pick them up.
Call your doctor for additional advice specific to your situation.
I have asthma. If I get COVID-19, I’m more likely to become seriously ill?
Yes, asthma can increase your risk of getting very sick from COVID-19.
However, you can take steps to reduce the risk of infection in the first place. This includes
In addition, you must continue to take your asthma medicines as a recipe to keep your asthma under control. If you are sick, follow your asthma action plan and call your doctor.
With the closure of the school in many parts of the country, it’s okay to have a caregiver or the care of children at home do not know or ill by exposure in their homes?
The truth is that fewer people are you and your children are exposed to, the better. However, the reality is that not every family will be able to have a parent at home all the time
Everyone can do is try to minimize the risks by doing things such as :.
with the rules of social distancing in place, library, sports facilities and larger sporting events, and other places the elderly often take the kids to shut down. Is there a rule of thumb regarding the date of play? I do not want my kids parked in front of a screen all day. Date
Ideally, to create social distance is truly effective, there should be no play. If you can be fairly confident that a friend was healthy and had no contact with anyone who might be sick, then played with a friend one might be okay, but we could not really sure if anyone has any contacts.
play dates outside, where you can create physical distance, perhaps a compromise. Something like going for a bike ride, or hike, allowing you to spend less while sharing germs (carrying and using hand sanitizer is a good idea). You should have ground rules, though, about the distance and touch, and if you do not think it’s realistic that your children will follow the rules, then do not do play dates even if it is outdoors.
You can still go for a family hike or ride a bike where you are around to enforce the rules of social distance. Family football games, cornhole, or badminton in the backyard is also a fun way to get outside.
You can also do a virtual play date, using platforms such as FaceTime or Skype so that children can interact and play without being in the same room.
I stayed with the children and my grandchildren. What can I do to reduce the risk of getting sick when caring for my grandchildren
In a situation where there is no choice -? As if the life of grandparents with grandchildren – then the family should do everything they can to try to limit the risk of COVID-19. Grandchildren should be isolated as much as possible, as should the parents, so the whole family risk as low as possible. Everyone should wash their hands very often throughout the day, and the surfaces must be cleaned frequently. Physical contact should be limited to the strictly necessary; as powerful as it can be to curl up with a grandmother or grandfather, now is not the time.
What is the social distance and why is it important?
COVID-19 virus is mainly spread when a person breathes in the droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes. In addition, everyone who is infected, with or without symptoms, can spread the virus by touching surfaces. coronavirus can remain on the surface of it and other people can touch it and then touching their mouth, nose or eyes. That is why it is so important to try to avoid touching public surfaces or at least try to wipe them with disinfectant.
Social distancing refers to measures taken to stop or slow the spread of infectious diseases. For individuals, it refers to maintaining a sufficient distance (6 feet or more) between oneself and others to avoid being infected or infecting others. school closures, referrals to work from home, closing libraries, and canceling meetings and events of the help enforce the social distance at the community level.
Slowing the rate and amount of the new coronavirus infection is very important not to overdo the hospital, which can cause a large number of critically ill patients do not receive life-saving treatment. Very realistic projections show that unless we start extreme social distance now – every day things – hospitals and other healthcare facilities will not be able to handle the possible entry of the patient.
What should and should not I have done so far to avoid exposure and spread of this coronavirus? For example, what steps should I take if I have to go shopping for food and staples? How to eat in the restaurant, ordered food, go to the gym or swim in a public pool?
The answer to all the above is that it is essential that everyone begin immediately intensive social distance. As much as possible, limit conwise with people outside of your family.
If you need to get food, staples, medicine or health, try to stay at least six feet from other people, and wash hands thoroughly after traveling, avoid contact with the face and around the mouth. Prepare your own meals rather than going to a restaurant or even get takeout. It’s best to avoid the gym; but if you go, be sure to wipe down what would you touch, and once again after you use the equipment. Once again try to keep a distance of 6 feet or more from others. Because the virus will not survive in water pools handled well, the pool should be fine as long as you avoid close contact with others
Here are some other things to avoid :. Playdates, parties, sleepovers, have friends or family over for a meal or a visit, and going to the coffee shops -.? basically any activity that is not important that involve close contact with others
What can I do distancing when social
Try to see this period of social distance as an opportunity to get things have long to do.
Although you do not have to go to the gym now, it does not mean you can not exercise. Taking a long walk or run outside (do their best to maintain at least six feet between you and the non-family members when you’re out). Do some yoga or other exercise routines indoors when the weather is not cooperating.
Children need exercise too, so try to get them out every day for walks or football game the backyard of the family (remember, this isn ‘t the time to invite the neighbor kids to play). Avoid common playground structures, which are not cleaned regularly and can spread the virus.
Pull out the board games that were gathering dust on your shelves. Having a family movie night. Pursuing a long book to read, or do family read-a-loud every night.
It’s important to stay connected even though we do not have to do it in private. Keep in touch virtually through phone calls, Skype, video and other social media. Enjoy a leisurely chat with an old friend you’ve been calling.
If all else fails, go to bed early and extra sleeping!
One of the symptoms of COVID-19 is shortness of breath. What does it mean?
Breathlessness referring suddenly feel out of breath, or tele. But when you have to worry about shortness of breath? There are many examples of temporary shortness of breath that is not alarming. For example, if you are feeling very anxious, it’s common to get shortness of breath and then disappear when you’re quiet.
However, if you find that you breathe harder or have trouble getting air each time you push yourself, you always need to call your doctor. That’s right before we had a recent outbreak COVID-19, and they will become a reality when you’re done.
Meanwhile, it is important to remember that if shortness of breath is your only symptoms, no cough or fever, something besides COVID-19 is a potential problem.
My husband and I are in our 70s. I am healthy. My husband was good but did not have heart disease and diabetes. My school grandchildren have been closed for several weeks. We want to help by watching our grandchildren, but do not know whether it would be safe for us. Can you offer some guidance?
People who are parents and older with chronic medical conditions, especially cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, lung disease are more likely to have severe illness or death of COVID-19 and should be involved in strict social distance without delay. It also happens to people or who are immunocompromised due to conditions or treatment that weakens their immune response.
The decision to provide on-site assistance with children and grandchildren is a difficult one. If there are alternatives to support their needs without being there, it would be the safest.
There’s a lot we do not know about the deadly new coronavirus world. But we know this: The sick, the elderly, immune compromised are particularly at risk. If you or a loved one falls into this category, there are several things you can do to help keep COVID 19th at bay. As shown Harvard Dr Rob Shmerling out, starting with situational awareness.
Dr. Greg L. Fricchione, Mind Body Medical Institute Professor of Psychiatry at Mass General Hospital and Harvard Medical School and editor of the Harvard Health Publishing faculty for special HEALTH report, where in the context of the concerns we all feel when infectious diseases like coronavirus COVID-19 came calling.
Dr. Todd Ellerin, director of infectious diseases at South Shore Health in Weymouth, MA, and an instructor at Harvard-affiliated Brigham and Women’s Hospital, gave us an update on the rapidly developing story about coronavirus Covid-19.
Coronavirus is a very common cause of colds and other upper respiratory tract infections.
COVID-19 stands for “coronavirus disease in 2019,” is the official name given by the World Health Organization for disease caused by a new coronavirus identified.
How many people have COVID-19?
numbers are changing rapidly.
The most up-to-date information available on ,, and.
This has a very rapid deployment and so many countries that the World Health Organization has declared it a pandemic (a term which indicates that it has affected a large population, region, country, or continent).
flu kills more people than COVID-19, at least so far. Why are we so worried about COVID-19? Should not we be more focused on the prevention of deaths from the flu?
You’re right to worry about the flu. Fortunately, the steps are the same that help prevent the spread of COVID-19 virus – frequent and thorough hand washing, not touching your face, cough and sneeze into a tissue or your elbow, avoid people who are sick, and stay away from people if you ‘back pain – also helps protect against the spread of flu.
If you are sick with the flu, your doctor may prescribe antiviral medications can reduce the severity and shorten the duration of illness. There are currently no antiviral medications available to treat COVID-19.
Should I get a flu shot?
While the flu shot will not protect you from developing COVID-19, it’s still a good idea. Most people are more than six months can and should get the flu vaccine. Doing so reduces the chances of getting seasonal flu. Even if the vaccine does not prevent you from getting the flu, can reduce the likelihood of severe symptoms. But once again, the flu vaccine will not protect you against this coronavirus.
Why is it so difficult to develop a treatment for viral diseases?
An antiviral drug should be able to target a specific part of the virus life cycle that is required for it to reproduce. In addition, antiviral drugs should be able to kill the virus without killing human cells occupy. And very adaptive virus. Because they reproduce so quickly, they had plenty of opportunities for the mutation (change their genetic information) with each new generation, developed resistance to any drug or vaccine that we developed.
What are the symptoms of COVID-19?
Some people infected with the virus have no symptoms. When the virus does not cause symptoms, which commonly include mild fever, body aches, cough, nasal congestion, runny nose, and sore throats. However, COVID-19 can sometimes lead to more severe symptoms such as high fever, severe cough, and shortness of breath, which often show pneumonia.
How long it was between when a person is exposed to the virus and when they begin to show symptoms?
because of this newly discovered coronavirus, the time from exposure to onset of symptoms (known as the incubation period) for most people has not been determined. Based on current information, the symptoms can appear as soon as three days after exposure for 13 days later. Recently published study found that on average, the incubation period of about five days.
How coronavirus spreads?
This coronavirus thought to spread mainly from person to person. This can occur between people who are in close contact with each other. Droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes can land in the mouth or nose of people who are nearby or possibly be inhaled into their lungs.
Coronavirus can also be spread from contact with infected surfaces or objects. For example, someone could get COVID-19 by touching surfaces or objects that have the virus on it and then touching their own mouth, nose, or maybe their eyes.
How deadly is COVID-19?
The answer depends on whether you’re looking at mortality (risk of death among those infected) or the total number of deaths. So far, the influenza has caused much deaths this flu season, both in the US and around the world, from COVID-19. This is why you may have heard that the flu is a bigger threat.
Regarding the mortality rate, it appears that the risk of death by infection of coronavirus pandemic (generally estimated at 3% to 4%) less than that of SARS (approximately 11%) and mer (about 35%), but may be higher of risk from seasonal flu (which average about 0.1%).
What we do know so far is the risk of death depends on the age and overall health. Children looked at very low risk of severe disease and death. older adults and people with chronic diseases such as diabetes, heart disease, or lung disease have a higher chance of complications such as pneumonia, which can be deadly.
Who is at highest risk for getting very sick from -19 COVID?
elderly people, especially those underlying medical problems such as chronic bronchitis, emphysema, heart failure, or diabetes, are more likely to develop serious illness.
In addition, some underlying medical conditions can increase the risk of serious COVID 19 for individuals of all ages. These include:
Do children immune to the virus that causes COVID-19
Children, including children who are very young, may develop COVID-19 ?. However, children tend to experience mild symptoms such as fever, runny nose, and cough. Some children have severe complications, but this has been less common. Children with underlying health conditions may be at increased risk for severe disease.
It would warm the weather stop outbreaks COVID-19?
Some viruses, such as the common cold and flu, spread over when it is cold. But it is still possible to become sick with this virus during the warmer months. At this time, we do not know whether the spread COVID-19 will decrease when the weather warms up.
Should I take the package from China?
There is no reason to suspect that the package of the Chinese port of coronavirus. Remember, this is similar to the flu respiratory viruses. We do not stop receiving the package from China during their flu season. We should follow the same logic for the virus that causes COVID-19.
Can I catch a coronavirus by eating food handled or prepared by someone else?
We are still learning about the new coronavirus infection. It is not clear whether it can be spread by an infected person through their food has been handled or prepared, but if so it will more likely be the exception than the rule.
That said, the new coronavirus respiratory virus known to spread to the upper respiratory secretions, including airborne droplets after coughing or sneezing. The virus that causes COVID-19 also has been detected in the feces of certain people. So this time we can not rule out the possibility of infection transmitted through food by an infected person who has not washed their hands. In the case of a hot meal, the virus is likely to be killed by cooking. It may not be the case with raw foods like salads or sandwiches.
What can I do to protect yourself and others from COVID-19?
the following measures to help prevent the spread of COVID-19, as well as the coronavirus other and influenza:
This chart illustrates how measures such as limiting travel, avoid the crowds , social distance, and wash hands thoroughly and often can slow down the development of new protective COVID 19 cases and reduce the risk of excessive health care system.
What should I know about washing hands effectively?
Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially after going to the bathroom; before eating; and after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing.
Should I wear a face mask?
Follow public health recommendations on where you live. On February 26, 2020, face masks is not recommended for the general public in the United States. Some health facilities require people to wear masks in certain circumstances.
If you have respiratory symptoms such as coughing or sneezing, experts recommend wearing a mask to protect others. This can help to contain droplets containing the types of viruses, including influenza, and protect anyone within three to six feet of an infected person.
The CDC offers. WHO bid.
Is it safe to travel by airplane?
Stay current on from regulatory agencies. This is a rapidly changing situation.
Anyone who has a fever and respiratOry symptoms should not fly if possible. Even if someone has symptoms that feel like just a cold, he should wear a mask in an airplane.
Is there a vaccine available?
There is no vaccine available, although scientists will begin human testing on a vaccine immediately. However, perhaps a year or more before we even know if we have a vaccine that works.
Can someone who has had a coronavirus infected again?
While we don ‘t know the answer yet, most people will probably develop in the short-term immunity at least for certain coronavirus that causes COVID-19. However, you will still be vulnerable to different coronavirus infection. Alternatively, certain viruses can mutate, such as the influenza virus each year. Often these mutations alter the virus enough to make you vulnerable, because your body’s immune system thinks it is an infection that has never been seen before.
I take drugs that suppress my immune system. Should I stop taking it so I have little chance of getting sick from the coronavirus?
If you contract the virus, your response to it will depend on many factors, only one of which is taking medications that suppress the immune system. In addition, stopping the drug itself can cause your underlying condition worse. Most importantly, do not make this decision alone. It is always best to not adjust the dose or stop taking prescribed medication without first talking to the doctor who prescribed the drug.
Would pneumococcal vaccine help protect me against coronavirus?
The vaccine against pneumonia, as a pneumococcal vaccine and Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine (Hib), just to help people protect from this particular bacterial infection. They do not protect against coronavirus pneumonia, including pneumonia that may be part of COVID-19. However, despite this vaccine does not specifically protect against the coronavirus that causes COVID-19, they are strongly encouraged to protect against other respiratory diseases.
I’m older and have a chronic medical condition, which puts me at higher risk for getting seriously ill, or even die from COVID-19. What can I do to reduce my risk of a virus?
Anyone 60 years or older are considered at high risk for getting very sick from COVID-19. This applies if you also have an underlying medical condition, although individual sickest and most of the deaths have been among people who are both older and have a chronic medical condition, such as heart disease, lung problems or diabetes.
The CDC recommends the following steps for people who are at high risk:
Can infect my pet me with the virus that causes COVID-19
today , there is? there is evidence that pets such as dogs or cats can spread the virus to humans COVID 19th. However, pets can spread infections that cause diseases, including E. coli and salmonella, so wash your hands with soap and water after interacting with pets.
What can I do to keep my immune system strong?
your immune system is your body’s defense system. When harmful invaders – such as a cold or flu virus, or coronavirus that causes COVID-19 – getting into your body, your immune system mounts an attack. Known as the immune response, this attack is a sequence of events involving a variety of cells and unfolds over time.
After the public health guidelines are the best steps you can take to keep your immune system strong and healthy. Every part of your body, including your immune system, function better when protected from environmental attack and supported by a strategy of healthy-living like this:
What kind of medicines and medical supplies should I have on hand for an extended stay at home?
Try to stock at least a 30-day supply of any prescription needed. If your insurance allows a 90-day refill, which is even better. Make sure you also have over-the-counter medications and other medical supplies on hand.
Medical and health supplies
Should I keep extra food in the house? What kind?
Consider keeping a two-week to 30-day supply of nonperishable food at home. These items can also be useful in other types of emergencies, such as power outages or snowstorms.
What should I do if I think I or my child may have an infection COVID-19?
First contact your doctor or pediatrician for advice.
If you do not have a doctord you are concerned that you or your child may have COVID-19, contact. They can direct you to the best places for evaluation and treatment in your area.
It is best to not seek medical care in the emergency department unless you have severe disease symptoms. Severe symptoms include high or very low body temperature, difficulty breathing, confusion, or feeling you are going to faint. Contact emergency ahead of time to let the staff know who is coming, so that they can be prepared for your arrival.
How do I know if I have COVID-19 or the common cold?
COVID-19 often cause symptoms similar to someone with a bad cold or flu will experience. And like the flu, symptoms can develop and become life-threatening. Your doctor is more likely to suspect coronavirus if:
How does one test for COVID-19
A special test should be conducted to confirm that? someone has been infected with the virus that causes COVID-19. Most often a doctor took a nasal swab (or both the nose and throat). Samples were sent to a laboratory approved to perform the test. The number of tests and testing sites available are rapidly increasing. However, it will take weeks before the test is available to all who may be infected. Meanwhile, the doctor will examine especially those with respiratory symptoms who recently traveled to certain countries, live in a community with a lot of people who are infected, or may have been exposed to a person known to have COVID-19.
How quickly after I was infected with the new coronavirus will I begin to spread?
time from exposure to onset of symptoms (known as the incubation period) is considered 14 days, although symptoms usually appear within four or five days after exposure. We do not know the extent to which people who have not experienced the symptoms can infect other people, but it may be that people may be contagious for several days before they become symptomatic.
For how long after I was infected I will continue to spread? At the point in my illness I would most contagious?
People are considered the most infectious early in the course of their illness, when they begin to experience symptoms. Researchers have detected viral genetic material in patients several weeks after they recover from COVID-19. Although the significance of this finding is not completely understood, it suggests the possibility that the person may continue to spread for weeks after they feel better.
If I am sick with COVID-19, how long until I will feel better?
It depends on how sick you get. Those with mild cases appear to recover within one to two weeks. With severe cases, recovery can take six weeks or more. According to the latest estimates, approximately 1% of the infected people will succumb to the disease.
How long after I started to feel better would it be safe for me to go back out in public again?
We do not know for sure. Based on the research that has been detected viral genetic material in patients several weeks after they recover from COVID-19, it is safest to assume that you may be contagious for a week after recovering.
What is the difference between isolation and self-quarantine, and who should consider them?
Self-isolation voluntary isolation at home by those who have or may have COVID-19 and experiencing mild symptoms of the disease (in contrast to the terminally ill and can be isolated in a hospital). The goal of self-isolation is to prevent the spread of infection from an infected person to another person who is not infected. If possible, the decision to isolate should be based on the doctor’s recommendation. If you’ve tested positive for COVID-19, you should self-isolate
You should strongly consider insulating yourself if you :.
You may also consider insulating yourself if you have symptoms consistent with COVID-19 (fever, cough, difficulty breathing) but do not yet know the new coronavirus exposure and has not been tested for the virus that causes COVID-19. In this case, it may make sense to isolate yourself until your symptoms completely resolve, or until you can be tested for COVID-19 and test you come back negative.
Self-quarantine is voluntary quarantine at home by people who may have been exposed to the virus COVID-19 but do not experience symptoms associated with COVID-19 (fever, cough, difficulty breathing).The purpose of the self-quarantine (such as by insulating themselves) is to prevent the possible spread of COVID-19. We are still waiting for a consistent public health guidelines on the question of who should self-quarantine. Whenever possible, the decision to quarantine should be based on the doctor’s recommendation. Self-quarantine is reasonable if you do not experience any symptoms, but have been exposed to COVID-19 virus.
What it really means to self-isolate or self-quarantine? What should or should not do?
If you are sick with COVID-19, or think you may be infected with COVID-19 virus, it is important to not spread the infection to others while you recover. While home-insulation or home-quarantine may sound like a staycation, you should be prepared for long periods of time in which you may feel disconnected from others and worried about your health and the health of your loved ones. Stay in contact with others by phone or online can help to maintain social connections, ask for help, and another update on your condition.
This is what the CDC recommends to minimize the risk of spreading the infection to others in your home and community.
Stay home except to get medical care
Call ahead before visiting your doctor
Separate yourself from people and other animals in your home
Wear a face mask if you are sick
Cover your cough and sneeze
Clean your hands often
Do not share personal items of household
Clear all “high-touch” surfaces every day
high-touch surfaces, including counters, tables, doorknobs, bathroom fixtures, toilets, telephones, keyboards, tablets, and bedside tables.
Monitor your symptoms
When I can stop my self isolation or self-quarantine?
While many experts recommend at least 14 days of self-isolation for those infected, the decision to discontinue this measu res should be made on a case-by-case basis, in consultation with your doctor and state and local health departments. The decision will be based on the risk of infecting others.
Is there an antiviral treatment for COVID-19?
There is currently no antiviral treatment specifically for COVID-19.
What treatments are available to treat coronavirus?
There is currently no antiviral treatment specifically for COVID -19. However, similar to the treatment of virus infection, these steps can help:
The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends not to use ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil, many generic version) for COVID-19 symptoms reported of healthy people with confirmed COVID-19 who take NSAIDs to relieve symptoms and develop severe disease, especially pneumonia. While this is only observation and not based on scientific studies, which now seems prudent to use acetaminophen to help reduce fever and ease aches and pains associated with this coronavirus infection. No specific recommendations were made regarding naproxen (Aleve, Naprosyn). Given naproxen and ibuprofen had similar actions, it is best to avoid naproxen as well. For now, if you suspect or know you have COVID-19 and could not take acetaminophen, or have been taking the maximum dose and still need help symptoms, contact your doctor for advice.
Can I infect my pet?
There have not been reports of pets or other animals becoming ill with COVID-19, but the CDC still recommends that sick people with COVID-19 limit contact with animals until more information is known. If you need to take care of your pet or be around animals when you are sick, wash your hands before and after interacting with pets and wearing face masks.
How can I protect myself while caring for someone who may have COVID-19
You have to take a lot of the same precautions as you would if you care for someone with the flu 😕
My parents are older, which puts them at high risk for COVID-19, and they do not live nearby. How can I help them if they get sick?
Caring from afar can be stressful. Start by talking to your parents about what they will need if they are sick. Collecting an emergency contact list to reference them (and you), including physicians, family members, neighbors, and friends. Include contact information for your local public health department.
You can also help them to plan ahead. For example, ask the parents to give the neighbors or their friends a set of house keys. Do they stock up on prescription and over-counter drugs, health and emergency medicine, and food and household nonperishable supplies (see for more details). Check regularly by phone, Skype, or however you like to stay in touch
deployment society (community transmission) :. Said to have occurred when people have been infected without the knowledge of the contact with someone who has the same infection
contact tracing: a process that begins with identifying the person diagnosed with a specific disease (in this case COVID-19) had done contact with because they become infectious. Contacts will be notified that they are at risk, and may include people who share one’s home, as well as those who are in the same place around the same time as those with COVID-19 – a school, office, restaurant, or a doctor’s office, for example. Contacts can be quarantined or asked to isolate themselves if they develop symptoms, and are more likely to be tested for coronaviruses if they begin to experience symptoms
detention. Referring to limit the spread of the disease. Since there is no vaccine exists to prevent COVID-19 and there are no specific therapies exist to treat it, detentions carried out by using public health interventions. This may include identifying and isolating those who are sick, and keep track of anyone they have contact with and maybe put them under quarantine
epidemic. Outbreaks of disease in the community or region
uneven curve: refers to the epidemic curve, statistical graphs used to visualize the number of new cases during a specific time period during the plague. Evenly curve is the term for applying mitigation strategies to slow things down, resulting in fewer new cases develop over a period of time longer. This increases the likelihood that hospitals and other health facilities will be equipped to handle any influx of patients
The incubation period :. The period of time between exposure to infection and when symptoms start
isolation, the separation of people with infectious diseases than people who are not ill
mitigation: refers to the measures taken to limit the impact of the disease. Since there is no vaccine exists to prevent COVID-19 and no specific treatment exists to cure, mitigation strategies may include frequent and thorough hand washing, not touching your face, stay away from people who are sick, social distance, avoid large meetings and regularly clean frequently touched surfaces and objects in the home, at school, at work, and in other settings
pandemic. outbreaks of disease affecting large populations or entire regions, countries or continents
presumptive positive test results: positive test for the virus that causes COVID-19, carried out by the laboratory local health or state, considered “alleged” until results confirmed by the CDC. While awaiting confirmation, the person with a positive test result allegation will be deemed infected
quarantine. Separating and restricting the movement of people with infectious diseases, have symptoms consistent with the disease, or an infectious disease, to see if they become ill
SARS-CoV-2: stands for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, SARS-CoV-2 is the official name for the virus responsible for COVID -19
social distance. refers to actions taken to stop or slow the spread of infectious diseases. For individuals, it refers to keep sufficient distance between yourself and others to reduce the risk of inhaling droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes. In a community, social distancing measures may include limiting or canceling large gatherings of people
virus. Viruses are the smallest of microbes, smaller than a bacterium or fungus. A virus consists of a small piece of genetic material (DNA or RNA) surrounded by a protein shell. Viruses can not survive without a living cell in which to reproduce. Once the virus enters living cells (host cells) and take over the work in a cell, the cell can not perform normal tasks of supporting life. Host cells into virus manufacturing plant, making parts of the virus are then reassembled into a virus and go to infect other cells. Finally, the host cell dies
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Eating to protect your heart also helps protect you from diabetes and many cancers. the basic elements of a healthy diet including lots of plant foods such as fruits, vegetables, nuts, and seeds; modest portions of lean protein, such as fish and poultry; relatively less red meat; and the use of unsaturated fats such as olive oil
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