coronavirus who emergency committee

  • 8 min read
  • Jan 10, 2019

International Health Regulations Emergency Committee on novel ...
International Health Regulations Emergency Committee on novel …

The second meeting of the Emergency Committee convened by the Director-General of WHO by the International Health Regulations (IHR) (2005) about the plague novel coronavirus in 2019 in the People’s Republic of China, with exportations to other countries, took place on Thursday, January 30, 2020, 13 : 30-18: 35 time Geneva (WIT). The role of the Committee is to provide advice to the Director-General, who makes the final decision on the determination of the International Emergency Health Care Community (PHEIC). The Committee also provides general health advice or indicate Recommendations While a formal suit.

held by teleconference

Director General welcomed the Committee and thank them for their support. He turned the meeting to the Chairman, Professor Didier Houssin.

Professor Houssin also welcomed the Committee and give the floor to the Secretariat.

A representative of the department of compliance, risk management and ethics committee members clarification of roles and responsibilities.

The Committee members are reminded of their duty of confidentiality and their responsibility to disclose personal relationships, finance, or professionals who may look a conflict of interest. Every member who attended surveyed and no conflict of interest are considered irrelevant to the meeting. There was no change since the previous meeting.

Chair then reviewed the meeting agenda and introduce the presenter.

Representatives of the Ministry of Health of People’s Republic of China reported on the current situation and the public health measures taken. Now there are 7711 confirmed and 12 167 suspected cases across the country. Of the confirmed cases, severe in 1370 and 170 people have died. 124 people have recovered and been discharged from hospital.

WHO Secretariat provides an overview of the situation in other countries. Now there are 83 cases in 18 countries. Of these, only seven did not have a history of travel in China. Has no transmission from human to human in third countries outside of China. One of these cases is severe and there is no death.

At the first meeting, the Committee expressed differing views on whether the event was a PHEIC or not. At that time, the suggestion is that the event did not constitute PHEIC, but theCommittee members agreed on the urgency of the situation and suggested that the Committee should continue meeting the next day, when it reached the same conclusion.

The second meeting took place in view of the significant increase in the number of cases and additional countries reporting confirmed cases.

The Committee welcomes the leadership and political commitment from the very high levels of the Chinese government, their commitment to transparency, and efforts made to investigate and contain the current outbreak. China quickly identified the virus and shared an order, so that other countries can diagnose quickly and protect themselves, which resulted in the rapid development of diagnostic tools.

The steps are very strong that country has taken, including daily contact with the WHO and multi-sectoral approach that comprehensively to prevent further spread. It is also taking steps public health in cities and other provinces; is conducting a study on the severity and transmissibility of the virus, and sharing of data and biological materials. These countries have also agreed to work with other countries that need their support. The measures China has taken are good not only for the country, but also for the whole world.

The Committee recognizes the leading role of WHO and its partners.

The Committee also recognizes that there is still much that is unknown, cases have now been reported in five WHO regions in a month, and from human to human transmission has occurred outside Wuhan and outside China.

The committee believes that it is still possible for viruses interruptions spread, as long as the state put the steps strong to detect the disease early, isolate and treat cases, the contact trace, and promoting measures of social distance commensurate with the risk. It is important to note that as the situation continues to evolve, so will the strategic objectives and measures to prevent and reduce the spread of infection. The Committee agreed that the outbreak is now eligible for International Public Health Emergency Concern and proposed the following suggestions which will be issued as a recommendation Temporary.

The Committee emphasizes that PHEIC declaration should be seen in the spirit of support and appreciation for China, its people, and the measures China has taken in the forefront of this epidemic, with transparency, and, it must be hoped, with success. In line with the need for global solidarity, the Committee felt that a global coordinated effort is needed to improve readiness in other regions of the world who may need additional support for it.

The Committee welcomes the coming WHO multidisciplinary technical mission to China, including national and local experts. mission should review and support efforts to investigate the source of the plague of animals, the clinical spectrum of the disease and its severity, the rate of transmission from human to human in the community and in health facilities, and efforts to control the outbreak. This mission will provide information to the international community to assist in the understanding of the situation and its impact and allow sharing of experience and successful steps.

The Committee would like to re-emphasize the importance of studying the source as possible, to rule out transmission of hidden and inform measures of risk management

The Committee also emphasizes the need for supervision improved in the outer regions of Hubei, including pathogen sequencing genome, to understand whether local cycle transmissions occurred.

WHO should continue to use the network of technical experts to assess the best way these outbreaks can be contained globally.

WHO should provide intensive support for the preparation and response, especially in vulnerable countries and regions.

The measures to ensure the rapid development and access to potential vaccines, diagnostics, antiviral medications and other therapies for low and middle income countries should be developed.

WHO should continue to provide all technical and operational support required to respond to this outbreak, including the vast network of partners and collaborating institutions, to implement the communication strategy of comprehensive risk, and to allow for the advancement of research and development science in relation to the novel coronavirus.

WHO should continue to explore the feasibility of creating an intermediate level between possible binary PHEIC warning or no PHEIC, in a way that does not require reopen negotiations on the text of the IHR (2005).

WHO should be timely to review the situation with transparency and update its evidence-based recommendations.

The committee does not recommend travel or trade restrictions based on the information available at this time.

The Director General stated that the 2019 outbreak-nCoV a PHEIC and receive advice of the Committee and issued this advice as Recommendation While under IHR.

Continue to:

• Implement the communication strategy of comprehensive risk to regularly inform the population on the evolution of the outbreak, prevention and protection measures for the population, and response measures are taken to arrest her ,

• Improve public health measures for containment of the current outbreak.

• Ensure that the health system resilience and protect the health workforce.

• Improve surveillance and active case finding in the whole of China.

• Collaborate with WHO and partners to carry out investigations to understand the epidemiology and evolution of this outbreak and the measures to contain it.

• The sharing of relevant data on human cases.

• Continue to identify the source of zoonotic outbreaks, and in particular the potential for circulation by the WHO as soon as it becomes available.

• Conduct exit screening at international airports and ports, with the aim of early detection rating of symptoms for further evaluation and treatment, and minimize interference with international traffic.

It is expected that international exports more cases may arise in any country. Thus, all countries must be prepared to detention, including active surveillance, early detection, isolation and case management, contact tracing and the prevention of further dissemination of the 2019-nCoVinfection, and full data sharing with the WHO. ,

State reminded that they are legally required to share information with the WHO under the IHR.

Each 2019-nCoV detection in animals (including information on species, diagnostic tests, and relevant epidemiologic information) must be reported to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) as an emerging disease.

The state should put a special emphasis on reducing human infection, prevention of secondary transmission and spread internationally, and contribute to the international response even though the communication multi-sectoral collaboration and active participation in improving knowledge about the virus and disease, and to promote research.

The committee does not recommend travel or trade restrictions based on the information available at this time.

State should inform about the measures taken trips, as required by the WHO IHR. Countries warn against actions that promote stigma or discrimination, in line with the principles of Article 3 of the IHR.

The Committee requested the Director-General to provide further advice on this matter and, if necessary, to create new on case by case, in view of this rapidly evolving situation.

Since this is a coronavirus new and have previously shown that coronavirus the same required a great effort to enable sharing timely information and research, the global community must continue to show solidarity and cooperation, in accordance with Article 44 of the IHR (2005) , in support of each other on the identification of the source of this new virus, the full potential for human-to-human transmission, the readiness of the potential import of the case, and research to develop the necessary treatment.

Provide support to low- and middle-income countries to allow their response to this event, as well as to facilitate access to diagnostics, vaccines and therapeutic potential.

According to Article 43 of the IHR, States Parties implement health measures for significant additional interfere with international traffic (denial of entry or departure of international travelers, baggage, cargo, containers, conveyances, goods, and the like, or delay them, for more than 24 hours) shall send to WHO the public health rationale and justification within 48 hours of execution. WHO will review the justification and to ask countries to reconsider their actions. WHO needed to share with other States Parties information on measures and justifications received.

Emergency Committee will reconvene within three months or earlier, at the discretion of the Director General.

The Director General thanked the Committee for the work.

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WHO

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WHO

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WHO

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