field mice carry hantavirus

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  • Feb 22, 2020

Deer mice: Cute, but potentially deadly carriers of hantavirus ...
Deer mice: Cute, but potentially deadly carriers of hantavirus …

Susan Olender, MD, is an assistant professor of medicine at Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York City.

dirty rat droppings. If you live in a few places (like the Southwest of the United States) they can be more than gross. They can cause a dangerous virus called hantavirus. The infection is spread by rodents, especially their feces. And although the virus can be serious, you can take some simple steps to reduce your risk.

It is a virus that can, in the worst shape, making it difficult to breathe. It can develop into disease called hantavirus pulmonary syndrome. Hantaviruses is part of a family of viruses bunyavirus. All other viruses in this family is spread by arthropods (such as insects) except for hantaviruses. This is.

Most people who get hantavirus being tired, fever, and muscle pain experience. Sore muscles that most are large muscles, including the thighs, hips, back and sometimes shoulders.

Some of the sick may also experience headache, chills, dizziness, and nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and / or abdominal pain. About half are going to get sick you experience these symptoms.

Some go on to develop symptoms more severe. This happened about 4 to 10 days after the first symptoms begin. Severe symptoms include difficulty breathing and coughing. At this point, the lungs can fill with fluid making it difficult for the patient to breathe.

It may take one to eight weeks of exposed rats (or their droppings) to get sick.

of those who develop Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome, about 3 to 4 of 10 dead (which is 36 to 38 percent).

HPS However, not many people have developed. It is a rare disease. From 1993 to early 2017, there were only 728 cases were identified in the US Prior to 1993, the disease is not officially recognized (although cases have been identified retrospectively).

You get hantavirus from a rodent. Rats and mice with the virus do not get sick. They can run around and shed the virus through their urine and feces. The virus can also be spread through saliva, meaning whatever they chew food or nesting can carry the virus. In such an environment, the virus can last for several days in a drying dung, urine, and saliva.

There are many ways we can come in contact with mouse feces, urine, and saliva without realizing it. Exposure can:

This could of cleaning the storage space in which mice or rats have made a nest of magazines. It can be of hiking in the area and camping in the area were full. It can of cleaning a sofa, where rats have burrowed into the pillow. It can be of sweep and sent to dirt and other particles into the air, which can then inhale. It can also clean the cabin of the summer after the long winter months when only rats have been in for that time.

In other words, there are many, many ways to come in contact with pieces of material contaminated by an infected rodent, if an infected rodent.

Fortunately, most places do not have infected mice or rats. Hantavirus has most often found to have been located in the Four Corners region of the United States. , This includes Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and Utah, as well as the Navajo and Hopi nations in the region

cases are less common in other countries nearby: California (including Yosemite National Park), Washington, Texas , Montana, Idaho, Kansas, South Dakota, North Dakota, and Oregon.

There are cases of hantaviruses similar in other US states. In Louisiana, there Bayou virus carried by field mice. In Florida, there are Black Creek Canal virus. In New York, there are cases of the virus now named the New York-1 virus. Diseases caused by the same virus is not always exactly the same, but already there is a similarity.

Others have become ill with related hantaviruses in Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Paraguay and Uraguay.

There are other, more distantly related hantaviruses in Europe and Asia is causing an alarming, yet different diseases. hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) is mainly caused by Puumala virus (PUUV) found mainly in Finland and Sweden, as well as the forests of Belgium, Germany and the Netherlands and spread through rats. It can also be caused by a virus Tula (TULV), Hantaan virus (HTNV), and Seoul virus (SEOV).

Even in states and countries where there is a hantavirus, not all rats and mice will be infected. Only certain species can carry hantavirus and certain viruses that are specific to particular rodents. These mice are commonly found in certain environments.

There are different types of mice and rats can spread the virus. different mouse strains the different spread of hantavirus.

There is a possibility of other rats and mice that carry hantavirus can cause HPS but they have not been found. There are certainly other viruses that carry the same virus that causes other hantavirus disease :. HFRS (hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome)

While there are many ways to hit, remember that hantavirus is rare. In addition, there are many steps you can take to stay safe.

First things first, the rat avoids, feces, urine, and whatever they may have been chewed or eaten. Also, avoid placing them possible: cabin abandonded, unused storage space, an area full of unknown, barns, or other areas. Store food in rat-proof containers or in the refrigerator or freezer. Be sure to seal the hole in the wall or floor where the animals can enter.

In other words, only makes it difficult for mice or rats to get into your residence and make it unlikely that they would want to stay. This applies to where you go camping and where you work.

Second, be careful how you clean, if mice may be present. basic guidelines include:

Many who became ill had to exposure to rat or mouse droppings, but not everyone knows that they come in contact with rodents or their droppings. Be aware if you are in the area that may have mice or droppings. If you may be exposed to infectious materials, you should follow the guidelines provided by the government, and the US military.

Transmission of hantavirus have not seen happen. A related hantavirus, Andes hantavirus, has been shown to spread in health workers in Chile and Argentina, but rarely.

Patients are often treated without knowing what disease they had at first. There may be a delay in diagnosis, especially if it is not suspected. Patients can be treated with antibiotics for other infections, such as leptospirosis, which can cause a disease similar and also spread by rats. Hantavirus, however, are viral and do not respond to antibiotics.

Medical Professionals in the affected area may be suspected hantavirus if someone has signs and symptoms. affected patients typically experience a sudden fever and respiratory problems. They may initially have fever, chills, muscle aches, headaches, and angry GI. The disease is then developed rapidly; healthy young people may need oxygen within 2-3 days from seeking medical help. The disease can cause severe lung problems that require oxygen and can be seen to affect the lungs on the X-Ray (or on the exam).

Labs may indicate “hemoconcentration” (increase in red blood cells, in contrast, which can occur when a person is dehydrated). Labs can also show a high number of white (neutrophils) and low platelet count (). separates these infections than others to the doctor.

The disease, if it is suspected, it can be confirmed by laboratory tests. There is a test for antibodies (IgM or IgG titer rise) and PCR tests. laboratory testing is usually not available in most hospitals. It should be sent to a reference laboratory.

In 1993, an outbreak of a virus known as “” ( “no name”) resident suddenly surprised and health professionals in Southwest Young healthy US adults suddenly become ill, unable to breathe, and no diagnosis could be found.

From April to May 1993, there were 24 cases identified. Twelve people died.

Finally, the diagnosis is made and found to be due to the type of virus called hantavirus a. Other types of hantaviruses had previously been identified in other places, such as in Korea, before, but this is a new species (Sin Nombre Virus) in the genus known hantaviruses. This syndrome is known as hantavirus pulmonary syndrome.

Interestingly, the virus is not new. It was only the first time a larger medical community recognized the disease. Looking back at old samples in the area found that there are people who have died without a diagnosis has actually had hantavirus. The earliest cases were identified by testing samples deposited is from 1959 on a 38-year man from Utah.

Even prior recognition diseases originate from Navajo in the Four Corner Region. recognized medical practice Navajo similar diseases associated with rats, apparently over the previous year.

Simply put, this outbreak occurred because there are more rats. It has a lot to do with the climate. There has been a drought for several years. Rats and their predators down in number. heavy snow and rain then came. the mice increased in number and more mice come in contact with people.

In addition, in the summer and fall of 2012, ten cases confirmed in those who have recently visited Yosemite Park.

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