January 14, 2020 – If you do not feel good this time of year, find out why it is important, as it will take you to your treatments that can make you feel better and even shorten the time you are ill
But figuring out what you have is not always easy.
That is the case for Amber Yahle of Springfield, VA. When he first fell ill in January, she thinks it’s a bug and not because he was already in October. But the symptoms worsened so quickly, she ended up in urgent care the next day.
“I only had a mild first day, but on the second day, I had the most extreme pain in me and I was coughing so badly, my ribs felt like they cracked with each cough. I actually hold the pillow to lean back every time I cough because it hurt so much, “said Yahle
He was diagnosed with influenza A – .. And said he was surprised
” I thought for sure it was more like or, “he said. He was prescribed for 6 days, which he said helped – and got him back on his feet in time to make a family vacation. “It makes me feel much better,” explains Yahle
Flu diagnosis took some by surprise, and there are two different types you need to understand :. Influenza A and influenza B. Another person can be diagnosed with “flu-like illness,” which can also be a confusing term.
Understanding the difference between these terms and your treatment options is important, with this diagnosis level in many countries. The CDC estimates that there has been almost 10 million flu, 87,000 hospitalizations, and 4,800 deaths from flu – including 32 children -. Make this season one of the most lethal record in
WebMD spoke with several experts to break down the distinction between the diagnosis and what it means for you.
What is the difference between and flu-like illness?
flu is “contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses that infect the nose, throat, and sometimes the lungs,” according to the CDC, which says as much as 11% of Americans get every season. He said the symptoms include some or all of the following:
There are different strains of influenza, including influenza A and B. In January 2020, the CDC warned of an early season pediatric influenza B circulating – something that has not happened in 27 years. strain that causes serious illness in the South in particular and is blamed for one death in early January.
“Influenza-like illness” (ILI), also called “flu-like illness,” is more broad categories. The CDC says that with ILI, you have a fever of at least 100 F and cough or sore throat, but the cause of the symptoms is not known.
This flu is diagnosed from the test swab from the nose or throat. Flu-like illness is a clinical diagnosis, which means it does not involve the official test. A doctor just decided to check you.
Flu-like illness to diagnosis when doctors are not sure what the virus is playing since the signs and symptoms of a bad cold and some other respiratory viruses can be difficult to distinguish from flu
“flu- like illness may include other respiratory viruses that can make people feel like it -. cold virus, RSV, parainfluenza, even rhinovirus – the common cause most common cold, “said Angela Campbell, MD, a medical officer in the CDC Influenza Division in Atlanta. “All can cause symptoms similar to the flu.”
Michael Ison, MD, a professor of infectious diseases and organ transplants at Northwestern University in Chicago, said that regardless of the cause, treatment is similar.
“What influenza-like illness told us is that you have a virus may affect your respiratory system that makes you feel lousy and, at this time other than influenza, there is no good therapy for these other viruses, so that we only treat the symptoms, “he said.
a flu-like illness diagnosis can also mean your doctor thinks you have the flu, but did not see the point in doing official flu tests.
“Flu testing can be helpful to some, but for most people, you should not expect to receive an exam,” said Campbell. “Most people probably will not need the test because it will not change what your doctor recommends in the treatment of symptoms.”
William Schaffner, MD, infectious disease specialist at Vanderbilt University School of Medicine in Nashville, said the test can also be expensive and unreliable, and manydoctors only use them when they are not sure of the diagnosis, which rarely occur during a flu epidemic.
“For the most part, the official flu test done if you are hospitalized with influenza-like illness. Some doctors will have a rapid test available in their offices, but a quick test can be very accurate, “he said. “So many people say if you are in the midst of an influenza pandemic and the patients come to the office with a disease that looks like influenza, just go ahead and treat them. Do not bother with the test. “
In 2018, the Infectious Diseases Society of America released updated guidelines to help doctors diagnose and treat colds and flu-like illness during the outbreak.
The CDC says antiviral drugs can treat the flu confirmed and suspected. They can relieve symptoms and shorten the time you are sick by one or two days. The agency said they are most effective when taken within 48 hours of onset of symptoms, although they still can help fight severe flu complications when given after that. FDA approves new drug flu – baloxavir marboxil (Xofluza) – at the end of 2018. Ison says it is approved for acute uncomplicated influenza and for patients at risk for complications. Other antiviral drugs approved by the FDA include:
The doctor said it was also important to know that antibiotics will not help with influenza or ILI because they only treat bacterial infections
Are you. have the flu or flu-like illness, doctors also suggest you:
“many patients want to go home with antibiotics, but as flu means the disease is more than likely being caused by a virus, so you do not need antibiotics,” said Ison, professor of Northwestern. “Get you do not need antibiotics can cause antibiotic resistance to develop, and then if you get pneumonia, for example, we might not have a good drug or drugs to treat the infection.”
For an otherwise healthy patient, the CDC says you can expect to be sick with the flu for a few days to 2 weeks. Flu-like illness are similar.
“If a patient feels to have one or two of being back to work profitable extra day, then seek a doctor’s care and ask about antivirus,” said Ison. “If the symptoms are mild and you want to tough it at home, which makes sense as well.”
But if you have a medical condition, are pregnant, or have a high-risk condition, you may be possible to get more serious infections, hospitalization, or even death due to flu complications, so the experts say do not try to manage the disease alone.
“If you are at high risk … go see your doctor early. If you are a person with underlying medical conditions, children less than 2, or people over 65, do not wait. Go early and let their doctor to decide whether you should be treated with antiviral, “said Campbell, CDC medical officer.
The CDC tracks the rate at both the flu and flu-like illness during the flu season, which can begin as early as October or November and continue until the end of May, but generally peaks between December and February.
“We keep track of influenza-like illness across the country, and we know when flu lab-confirmed ride, (flu-like illness increased. They go together,” Campbell said. < p> fever you will go first, but do not worry if your cough stick around for a while. “The cough can last longer because the virus is able to regulate the inflammatory response, and it takes longer for the bronchial tubes and sinuses to calm down,” said Schaffner, a specialist at Vanderbilt University.
you should see a general trend of improvement after a few days. If you do not, and continues in a fever for a few days or you have a cough that worsens, call your doctor.
other signs of complications including symptoms improve and then get worse, more shortness of breath or fever disappear and then come back. It may be a sign of a secondary infection, and you should call the doctor Sege ra.
Doctors say the best thing you can do to keep from getting sick is to get a flu shot early in the flu season. It can protect you from the flu, or can make symptoms less severe. CDC says flu vaccination also reduces mortality, admission to the intensive care unit (ICU), how long people stay in the ICU, and the amount of time people spend in hospital from flu.
If you have a condition such as diabetes, lung disease, heart disease, or some other conditions that suppress your iMmune system, or if you’re older, you might also want to avoid the crowds if the flu epidemic hit your area.
“If you have an underlying disease and the flu, you are more likely to get complications from the flu, such as pneumonia, and had to go to the hospital,” said Schaffner. “So maybe it’s time to be closed off a little if there is a flu epidemic in which you live.”
Research shows that exercise and stress reduction habits you can help protect you against diseases. Bruce Barrett, MD, PhD, of the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health in Madison, is the principal investigator of the two studies, including one published in 2018, which found regular exercise and meditation can help fight diseases that are common this time of year ,
his team’s research shows about 3 hours a week of moderate exercise and continuing to make the illness less severe and cut how long it lasts. Three hours of meditation every week reduces the duration of sick people. Barrett said it was a reminder that healthy habits regularly have a real and lasting impact.
“Regular exercise supports a healthy immune system. Both exercise and meditation can help to regulate the stress response, and thereby reduce the negative effects that stress can impose on the immune system, “said Barrett.
If you are sick, do what you can to keep it from spreading to others. Recommendations include:
CDC: “Flu Symptoms and Complications,” “Overview of Influenza Surveillance in the United States,” “Frequently Asked Questions 2017-2018 Flu Season Influenza,” “What You Should Know About Flu Antiviral drug- medicines, ” Preventing the Flu: Good Health Habits Can Stop Help Germs, ” Facts Home About Influenza (Flu) ” New CDC Study Shows Flu vaccine Reduces Results severe in Hospitalized Patients, ‘
Angela Campbell MD , medics, CDC, Atlanta.
Michael Ison, MD, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL.
William Schaffner, MD, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville.
Bruce Barrett, MD, PhD, of the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health in Madison
© 2005 – 2019 WebMD LLC. OF.
WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
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