flu symptoms 2019 nova scotia

  • 6 min read
  • Feb 19, 2020

Influenza Program 2019-2020 - key messages for stakeholders ...
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If you are experiencing symptoms or have any questions, call 811 to speak to a registered nurse 24 hours a day.

colds and flu is a viral infection of the respiratory tract, including the nose, throat, airways and lungs.

Although the common cold and flu share many similar symptoms, they are two different conditions.

flu symptoms develop slowly and may include :.

cold symptoms are generally milder than flu symptoms

flu symptoms usually appear suddenly and can include:

H1N1 influenza (also called swine flu, or swine flu) is a respiratory infection caused by a virus found in pigs.

H1N1 flu can infect humans. For more information, see H1N1 Influenza.

In most cases, you do not need to contact your health care provider when you have a cold or flu. However, if you have one of the following symptoms, contact your health care provider

Contact your doctor if you have a cold and flu’s symptoms :.

In children:

in adults:

Viruses cause colds and flu. More than 200 different viruses can cause colds. Unlike many viruses cause flu. That is why there is a shot that is available for the flu and not for colds.

There is no cure for the common cold. All you can do to feel better is treat your symptoms when your body fights viruses.

For the flu, your doctor may recommend that you treat the symptoms until you feel better. In severe cases, doctors may prescribe an antiviral medication. antiviral medications can shorten the length of time you are sick with the flu. These drugs come in pill, syrup or inhaler. Type inhalation can cause problems for some people who have asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

There is no cure for the common cold or flu, and antibiotics do not work against viruses that cause colds. and flu

pain relievers such as acetaminophen (one brand: Children’s Tylenol) can help relieve the pain of headaches, muscle aches and sore throat and fever treat. Make sure you give your child the correct dose according to their age and weight.

Nasal sprays and decongestants are not recommended for children, because it can cause side effects. Cough and cold medicines are not recommended for children, especially those younger than age 6. There is also little evidence that cough and cold medicines and nasal decongestants are effective in treating children.

In order to treat a cold or the flu, make sure that your child rest and drink plenty of fluids. You can use a humidifier to help moisten the air in your child’s bedroom. This will help with nasal congestion. You can also use a saline nasal spray to thin nasal mucus, and a bulb syringe to suction mucus out of your baby or child’s nose.

medication Over-the-counter can not cure a cold or flu. Treatment can, however, help relieve some of your cold or flu symptoms. Check with your doctor before giving any medication to children.

Many cold and flu products are available without a prescription.

Ingredients listed below are found in many cold and flu medicines. Read the label carefully. If you have questions, contact your health care provider or pharmacist.

Analgesics relieve aches and pains and reduce fever. Examples include acetaminophen, aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen. Warning:. Children and adolescents should not be given aspirin because it can cause Reye’s syndrome

antitussive (also called a cough suppressant) tells your brain to stop coughing. Do not take an antitussive if you’re coughing mucus. Warning: Children younger than 6 years of age should not be given cough medicines

expectorants assistance cough mucus so that it can more easily

Decongestant nasal sprays .. shrink nasal passages and reduce congestion. Adults should only use these medications for several days. Excess can cause symptoms become worse when you stop using the nasal spray. Warning:. Children should not use these medications altogether

You can reduce the risk of colds and flu by washing your hands often, which stop the spread of germs. Eating healthy, exercising and getting enough sleep also plays a role in preventing colds and flu because they help boost your immune system.

Cough and sneeze into the inside of your elbow (not your hand). common surfaces cleansuch as tables and counter tops, toy your child, door handles and bathroom facilities with anti-bacterial disinfectant. It can help stop the spread of germs.

The best way to avoid the flu is to get an influenza immunization. You should be immunized when it becomes available each fall (October or November), but you also can get it any time during the flu season (to December, January and beyond). Immunizations work by exposing the immune system against the flu virus. Your body will build up antibodies to the virus to protect you from the flu. Flu vaccine contains dead virus. Flu vaccinations are safe for adults and children ages 6 months and older and is recommended for everyone over 6 months of age to receive an annual flu vaccination. You can not get the flu from the flu shot.

Some people who get the flu shot will still be exposed to the flu, but they will usually get a milder case than those who were not immunized. Flu vaccine is especially recommended for people who are more likely to get really sick due to complications related to the flu, including the elderly, young (six months to 5 years), indigenous people, pregnant women, people with chronic medical conditions such as heart disease, asthma, and diabetes, obesity (BMI 40 or more) and those who live with or care, individuals in high-risk groups.

Sometimes the amount of a certain vaccine can not keep up with the number of people who need it. Read here about the supply of the vaccine and how deficiencies addressed in Canada:

Nova Scotia Department of Health and Wellness at:

Prince Edward Island Department of Health and Wellness at:

Public Health Agency of Canada at:

Appropriate antibiotics for URI in Children: Part II. Cough, pharyngitis and the Common Cold by SF Dowell, MD, MPH, B Schwartz, MD, WR Phillips, MD, MPH, and The Pediatric URI Consensus Team (15.10.98,)

Evaluation of pregnant woman exposed to respiratory viruses by John W. Ely, MD, MSPH, Jerome Yankowitz, MD, and Noelle C. Bowdler, MD (5/15/00,)

Written by familydoctor.org editorial staff.

Revised / Updated: 02-01

This handout provides a general overview on this topic and may not apply to everyone. To find out if this handout applies to you and to get more information regarding this, please contact your family health care provider.

Copyright (c) by the American Academy of Family Physicians

Permission is granted to print and photocopy this material for non-profit educational use.

Written permission is required for all other uses, including the use of electronics.

Nova Scotia telecare, Reviewed by Clinical Services Working Group, February 2020

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