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  • Mar 22, 2020

Stomach Flu: Signs, Symptoms, and Complications
Stomach Flu: Signs, Symptoms, and Complications

Viral gastroenteritis is an intestinal infection characterized by watery diarrhea, abdominal cramps, nausea or vomiting, and sometimes fever

The most common way to develop viral gastroenteritis -. -Is often called stomach flu through contact with an infected person or by ingesting contaminated food or water. If you are healthy, you probably will recover without complications. But for infants, older adults and people with compromised immune systems, viral gastroenteritis can be deadly.

There is no effective treatment for viral gastroenteritis, so prevention is key. In addition to avoiding food and water that may be contaminated, thorough and frequent hand-washing are your best defense.

stomach, small intestine and large intestine (colon) is part of your gastrointestinal tract, which process the food you eat. Viral gastroenteritis is an inflammation of these organs is caused by a virus.

Although it is commonly called the stomach flu, gastroenteritis is not the same as influenza. real flu (influenza) only affects your respiratory system – the nose, throat and lungs. Gastroenteritis, on the other hand, attacks your intestines, causing signs and symptoms, such as:

Depending on the cause, the symptoms of viral gastroenteritis may appear within one to three days after you are infected and can range from mild to severe , Symptoms usually last only a day or two, but sometimes they can last for 10 days.

Because the symptoms are similar, it is easy to confuse viral diarrhea diarrhea caused by bacteria, such as Clostridium difficile, Salmonella and E. coli, or parasites, such as giardia

If you are an adult, contact your doctor if :.

See a doctor immediately if your child:

If you have a baby, remember that while spitting may be an everyday occurrence for your baby, do not vomit. Babies vomiting for various reasons, many of which may require medical attention

Contact your baby’s doctor right away if your baby :.

You are most likely to contract viral gastroenteritis while you are eating or drinking food or water contaminated, or if you share utensils, towels or food with someone who is infected

a number of viruses can cause gastroenteritis , including :.

Some shellfish, especially raw or undercooked oysters, also can make you sick. Although the contaminated water is the leading cause of diarrhea virus, in most cases the virus is passed through the fecal-oral -. That is, a person with the virus handles food you eat without washing his or her hands after using the toilet

gastroenteritis occur worldwide, affecting people of all ages, races and backgrounds

people which may be more susceptible to gastroenteritis include :.

any gastrointestinal virus has a season when it is most active. If you live in the northern hemisphere, for example, you are more likely to have a rotavirus or norovirus infections between October and April

The major complication of viral gastroenteritis is dehydration -. Weight loss of water and essential salts and minerals. If you’re reasonably healthy and your water to replace fluids lost from vomiting and diarrhea, dehydration should not be a problem.

Infants, older adults and people with suppressed immune systems may become severely dehydrated when they lose more fluid than they can replace. Hospitalization may be required so that the lost fluids can be replaced intravenously. Dehydration can be fatal, but rare

The best way to prevent the spread of intestinal infections is to follow these precautions :.

When you’re traveling in another country, you can become ill from contaminated food or water. You may be able to reduce your risk by following these tips:

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