flu symptoms in toddler 2018

  • 7 min read
  • Feb 15, 2020

Flu | Is it a cold or the flu? | Tulane Health System
Flu | Is it a cold or the flu? | Tulane Health System

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Information on the 2019 Novel Coronavirus.

Influenza (flu) is a highly contagious viral infection that affects the airways of the lungs. It causes high fever, body aches, cough, and other symptoms. It is one of the most severe viral disease and the common cold season. Most children are sick with the flu for less than a week. But some children have a more serious illness and may need to be hospitalized. flu can also cause infection of the lungs (pneumonia) or death.

flu is caused by influenza viruses. Flu viruses are divided into three types:

Influenza types A and B. These two types of virus causing widespread disease (epidemic) almost every winter. They often cause more people need to go to the hospital, and many people died from the flu. Public health officials to focus on stopping the spread of types A and B. One of the reasons this problem fixed flu because the virus changes (mutations) often. This means that people who are exposed to a new kind of virus every year.

types of influenza type C viruses cause very mild respiratory illness. , It rarely causes epidemics. He does not have the severe public health impact that influenza types A and B do.

A flu virus is often passed from child to child through sneezing or coughing. The virus can also live for a short time on the surface. These include door handles, toys, pens or pencils, keyboards, phones and tablets, and countertops. It can also be transmitted through shared eating utensils and drinking. Your child can get the flu by touching something that touched by an infected person and then touching their mouth, nose or eyes.

The man flu is most contagious 24 hours before symptoms begin, continue while symptoms are most active. The risk of infecting others is usually stopped around 7 days of illness. Because the flu can be spread before symptoms start, easy to pick up the flu virus. This is especially true with children, who often touch many surfaces and then the mouth, nose, or eyes

A child is more at risk of flu if he :.

around people who are infected with the flu

Do not have the flu vaccine

Do not wash his or her hands after touching infected surfaces

Child -children younger and children with certain underlying health conditions at increased risk for a stay in the hospital or severe or complicated influenza infection.

flu is a respiratory disease, but it can affect the entire body. A child can become suddenly ill with any or all of these symptoms:

Fever, which may be as high as 103 ° F (39.4 ° C) to 105 ° F (40.5 ° C) < / p> ill

body, which may be severe

headaches

sore throat

A cough that gets worse

Fatigue

runny or stuffy nose

In some cases, your child may also have symptoms such as:

Nausea

Vomiting

diarrhea

Most children recover from influenza within a week. But they may still feel very tired for 3 to 4 weeks

It is important to note that cold and flu have different symptoms.

symptom Cold

flu symptoms

Low or no fever

high fever

Sometimes headache

headache in many cases

stuffy, runny nose

Clear the nose or nasal congestion in some cases

Bersin

A sneeze in some cases

mild, cough

cough, often twisted severe

lightweight body aches

body severe pain < / p>

Mild fatigue

Extreme fatigue that can last for weeks

Sore throat

Sore throat in some cases

a cold is usually mild and often disappear after a few days. Flu can cause severe symptoms and causes problems such as pneumonia and even death. Symptoms of the flu can like other health conditions. Make sure your children see her health care provider for diagnosis.

health care provider will ask about your child’s symptoms and medical history. He will give your child a physical examination. The symptoms are often sufficient to diagnose the flu. Your child providers can conduct other tests, depending on your child’s symptoms and overall health.

Treatment will depend on your child’s symptoms, age, and general health. It also will depend on how severe the condition is. The goal of treatment is to help prevent or reduce the symptoms

Treatment may include medications such as :.

Acetaminophen. This is to help reduce body aches and fever. Do not give aspirin to children withfever.

antiviral drugs. It can help to relieve the symptoms and shorten the length of illness. These drugs do not cure the flu. Drugs should be started within two days after symptoms begin.

Antibiotics are not effective against viral infections, so they are not prescribed. They can be used, though, if your child has developed a bacterial pneumonia. Otherwise, treatment focuses on helping relieve your child’s symptoms until the disease through.

Talk to your health care provider about the risks, benefits and possible side effects of all drugs.

Also make sure your child:

Got a lot of rest in bed

Drink plenty of fluids

flu can cause respiratory problems severe , A child with severe symptoms may need to stay in the hospital. Flu can cause a lung infection called pneumonia. In some cases, flu can cause death.

Children who have other health conditions that affect breathing, such as asthma, are at greater risk for flu complications.

The best way to prevent flu is to have an annual flu vaccine. The flu vaccine is given as a shot (injection). It is also available as a nasal spray. But the CDC has restricted the use of nasal sprays in recent years. The CDC says this is because the nasal spray does not seem to protect against flu during the past several flu seasons.

Each year, new flu vaccines are available before the start of the flu season. Talk with your doctor if you have any questions about how vaccines work and how well they prevent the flu. The first time a child between the ages of 6 months and 8 years old get a flu shot, he would need a second flu vaccine one month later.

This vaccine is recommended for all children 6 months and older. But for some children, it is more important for them to get a flu shot because they are more likely to have complications from the flu. Flu vaccinations should be given to any child who has one of these:

A long-term heart or lung conditions

An endocrine disorders such as diabetes

A kidney or liver disorders

weak immune systems from HIV / AIDS or long-term steroid

A blood disorders such as sickle cell disease

A shot of flu should also be given to:

a child who has a family member with chronic health conditions

a child or teen taking aspirin as a long-term therapy

children with a parent or caregiver high risk of complications from flu

Some of the side effects of the vaccine could be a mild flu-like symptoms, but the vaccine does not cause the flu. Side effects can be prevented by taking an over-the-counter such as acetaminophen. Never give your child aspirin without talking with your pediatrician first. Possible side effects from the flu vaccine include:

Soreness in the arm where the shot was given symptom

short term such as mild headache or low-grade fever for about 1 day after being shot

in rare cases, allergic reactions in children who have a severe allergy to eggs. Vaccines are available for those with egg allergies.

In addition to the flu vaccine, you can do other things to help reduce your child’s risk of catching a cold. You can also :.

Limit contact your child with an infected person, if possible

Does your child wash his or her hands often

And you can help prevent your child from spreading the flu to people else if you:

Having a child or cover your nose and mouth when coughing or sneezing. Use a tissue or cough or sneeze in the crook of the arm.

Wash your hands before and after caring for your child.

clean surfaces at home that others can touch.

Call the doctor if your child has:

symptoms are not getting better, or worse

new symptoms

Influenza ( flu) is a highly contagious viral infection of the respiratory system.

This causes a high fever, body aches, cough, and other symptoms.

Most children are sick with the flu for less than a week. But some children have a more serious illness and may need to be hospitalized. flu can also cause infection of the lungs (pneumonia) or death.

flu can be treated with acetaminophen, cough medicine, and antiviral drugs. Your child will also need plenty of rest and plenty of fluids.

The best way to prevent the flu is to have an annual flu vaccine. Because of changes in the virus, the researchers make a new flu vaccine each year to help protect against the strains of virus thatre-active. This vaccine is recommended for all children 6 months and older

Tips to help you get the most out of a visit to your child’s health care provider.

Know the reason for the visit and what you want to happen.

Prior to your visit, write down questions you want answered.

on the visit, write down the name of the new diagnosis and new drugs, treatments or tests. Also write down the new instructions you give your provider for your child.

Know why drug or a new medication is prescribed and how it will help your child. Also know what side effects.

Ask if your child’s condition can be treated by other means.

Know why a test or procedure is recommended and what the results might mean.

Know what to expect if your child does not take medication or have a test or procedure.

If your child has a follow-up appointment, write down the date, time, and purpose of the visit.

Know how you can contact the provider of your child after office hours. This is important if your child becomes ill and you have questions or suggestions needs.

© 2020 Stanford Children’s Health

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