flu symptoms vs mono

  • 6 min read
  • Feb 13, 2020

How You Know You Have Mononucleosis | Everyday Health
How You Know You Have Mononucleosis | Everyday Health

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Mononucleosis, also called “mono” or “kissing disease,” is a contagious viral infection that can leave you feel totally abolished – as if you are fighting the worst cold or flu you’ve ever had. mainly due to infectious mononucleosis, but other infections, such as cytomegalovirus or toxoplasmosis, can cause disease, as well, according to an article published in a December 2015 article in Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology. ()

EBV, the main driver of this mono, very common – so much so that not to have been infected with EBV is much rarer than infected by it at some point. “As many as 90 to 95 percent of adults are infected with EBV,” said, a professor of infectious diseases at the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health in Madison, which specializes in EBV. (1)

Anyone can get mono at any age – even children – but it is most common in adolescents and college-aged young adults, and tend to be more severe your parents, according to another review article which was published in February 2015 in the journal Clinical & Translational Immunology. (,,) As many as 25 percent of adolescents and young adults who are infected with EBV develop infectious mononucleosis, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (3)

When a person gets mono, can be debilitating. The good news is that most people recover completely after a break in about two to four weeks without any long-term complications, although some people may feel tired and not able to fully resume their normal activities for several more weeks. (1,2,3,)

Mono tends to bring, but they linger longer and be more severe.

How do you know if you have mono? Here are some common signs: (1,2,3)

Symptoms usually appear anywhere from four to six weeks after a person is infected with EBV. Doctors are not sure why, but the symptoms tend to be much more severe in young children. Unlike many teenagers and adults who usually feel very sick and knocked off their feet with mono, young children simply may experience mild fever or feel tired – or they may have no symptoms at all

“In children -children. as young as age three, four, or five, may be very benign, “said, chief of infectious diseases at Children’s Hospital in Columbus, Ohio. (1)

“We still do not understand how the immune system changes in life,” said Dr. Ramilo.

It is to be noted that sometimes mono symptoms can be so mild that they might get mistaken for the common cold or flu, and cleans itself without further medical attention or actual diagnosis, Dr. Johannsen said (as may be the case in children). , But other cases of mono – especially those individuals who have weakened immune systems – could potentially be life threatening

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If you experience any of the symptoms of mono are and they last for more than a few days, especially if there are signs of severe or do not show getting better, it’s a good idea to see your doctor, who can test you for mono and rule out other diseases. ()

Have you been diagnosed with mono or not, these are symptoms that warrant a call directly to a doctor or seek emergency care immediately:

Mononucleosis is often mistaken for other illnesses, such as, fatigue chronic, or other infection, because the symptoms can overlap, Ramilo said

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But there are signs that point to mono. For example, if someone still has a sore throat, fever, and rash seven days, it’s likely a sign that they have mono rather than a cold or sore, Ramilo said.

“For physicians, the most common indicator of mono is fatigue,” said, professor of laboratory medicine and pathology and pediatrics at the University of Minnesota Medical School in Minneapolis.

Another indication that the infection may be mono versus cold or flu is when symptoms appear. People tend to go down with a cold or flu in the winter, said Dr. Balfour. But people get mono throughout the year, he added

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Another condition that often gets confused with mono is. Both conditions share symptoms such as extreme fatigue, muscle aches, and sore throat. But one of the most obvious distinguishing feature is that the symptoms do not recur mono for most people, while the symptoms of CFS is, as its name indicates, Chronic. Mono symptoms did not linger longer than a cold or the flu usually would, but they are certainly not chronic, Ramilo said.

And while mono does not cause CFS, some studies suggest has had mononucleosis infection increases the risk of developing CFS in adults and adolescents, Johannsen said. ()

As of now, there is no vaccine to prevent mono. But – like chicken pox, which usually does not flare up again even though the varicella virus remains dormant in the body – most people do not get mono more than once, although EBV remains dormant in their body for the rest of their lives. ()

However, knowing how EBV spreads (and how mono spread) can help you take the appropriate steps to avoid infection.

EBV is transmitted through saliva (hence the name “kissing disease”), and may remain in the saliva of an infected person for months, although how long to stay in saliva and how long a person with infectious virus can vary.

“We do not know how much virus is required to transfer from person to person,” said Balfour. It’s important to know that a person may appear well (and probably do not have a mono infection or any symptom or at all), but it can still shed the virus in their saliva.

It can take around 4-7 weeks for symptoms to appear after a person has been infected with the virus, and symptoms tend to last for two to four weeks – and someone transmitted through all this time. () Research has not confirmed how long after symptoms have resolved that a person who already has a mono still contagious.

“Nothing like a cold sore, you do not know when someone [mono] shedding and infectious,” says Johannsen.

The most effective way to prevent mono is to avoid a very intimate contact, such as kissing, with someone who has mono for several months, even after the person feel better.

EBV most easily spread through body-fluid contact directly, such as by sharing saliva when kissing or contact blood or semen during sexual intercourse, blood transfusion or organ transplantation. But EBV could still be alive in body fluids once they are outside the body, too. So avoid sharing utensils, cups, or toothbrush with someone you know who has been infected with EBV or mono, and avoid when they sneeze or cough.

The bottom line is that you’re unlikely to catch mono from someone in a non-intimate settings, such as attending classes with or standing in line near someone who has been infected with EBV. And if you take precautions, you can avoid the EBV – that is, if you do not already have it – even from someone in your home, says Johannsen

Reference

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