hantavirus causas sintomas y tratamiento

  • 3 min read
  • Feb 03, 2020

Hantavirus: Síntomas y tratamiento | Hospital Mi Pueblo
Hantavirus: Síntomas y tratamiento | Hospital Mi Pueblo

The Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome is an infectious disease characterized by flu-like symptoms can progress rapidly to respiratory problems that could endanger your life.

Several types of hantavirus can cause hantavirus pulmonary syndrome. They were taken by various species of rodents, especially deer mice. Can be infected primarily by breathing air infected with hantavirus are released into the urine and rodent droppings.

As the limited treatment options, the best protection against Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome is to avoid rodents and their habitats.

hantavirus pulmonary syndrome through two distinct phases. In the first stage, may present with signs and symptoms similar to the flu, such as:

at the initial stage, Hantavirus infection is difficult to distinguish from influenza, pneumonia or other viral diseases. After 4 to 10 days, from the signs and symptoms are most severe. These usually include:

The signs and symptoms of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome can worsen suddenly and quickly endanger life. If you have been around rodents or rodent droppings and have signs and symptoms of fever, chills, muscle pain or difficulty breathing, seek immediate medical attention.

Each type of hantavirus has a preferred operator rodents. The deer mouse is the main carrier of the virus responsible for most cases of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome in North America. other carriers of hantavirus are white-tailed mouse, cotton rat and rice rat.

Hantavirus is transmitted to humans primarily through aerosolization of virus shed in feces, urine or saliva of rodents. Aerosolization occurs when the virus is released into the air, which facilitates inhalation. For example, a broom used to clean the mouse droppings in the attic air can remove small particles of feces containing hantavirus, you can breathe easily.

After inhalation of hantavirus, this reaches the lungs and begin to attack some small blood vessels called “capillary” until eventually cause leaks. Then, the lungs fill with fluid, which can trigger respiratory problems associated with hantavirus pulmonary syndrome.

People who are infected with this strain of Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome States not to infect others. However, some outbreaks in the United States from South event that is transmitted between people, which describes the variation between the strains in the various regions.

Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome is more common in rural areas in the western United States during spring and summer. Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome is also seen in South America and Canada. Another type of hantavirus seen in Asia, where they cause kidney disorders rather than lung problems.

The probability of contract hantavirus pulmonary syndrome is higher for people who work, live or spend time in places where there are rodents. Some of the factors and activities that increase the risk are:

hantavirus pulmonary syndrome can endanger the lives quickly. As the lungs fill with fluid, breathing becomes increasingly difficult. Decreased blood pressure and organs begin to fail, especially the heart. level to death with various pulmonary syndrome depends on the strain of hantavirus, hantavirus can exceed 30%.

Keep rodents out of your home and your workplace can help reduce the risk of hantavirus infection. Try these tips:

Moja with alcohol, with a household disinfectant or bleach dead rats and the places where you find them. This kills the virus and help prevent infected dust mixed with air. After everything was wet, wet towel used to collect the contaminated materials. Then wipe the area with a mop or mop with disinfectant.

Take special precautions, such as wearing a mask when cleaning the rat-infested buildings.

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