hantavirus pulmonary syndrome mortality rate

  • 3 min read
  • Feb 19, 2020

Annual hantavirus pulmonary syndrome case distribution and ...
Annual hantavirus pulmonary syndrome case distribution and …

NOTE: surveillance case definition is a set of uniform criteria used to define diseases for public health surveillance. surveillance case definition allows public health officials to classify and count the cases consistently across reporting jurisdictions. surveillance case definition is not intended to be used by health care providers to make a clinical diagnosis or to determine how to meet the health needs of individual patients.

Hantaviruses is a pathogen carried by, and is transmitted to humans from rodents. Humans can contract hantavirus infection when they come into contact with infected rodents or urine and feces.

The clinical syndrome HPS or Hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome was first recognized in 1993 and has since been identified in the United States. Although rare, Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS) is often fatal, with a case fatality rate of 36%.

Patients with hantavirus infection is usually present in a specific manner with a relatively short prodrome of fever that lasts 3-5 days. In addition to fever and myalgia, early symptoms include headache, chills, headache, non-productive cough, nausea, vomiting and other gastrointestinal symptoms. Malaise, diarrhea, and dizziness were reported by about half of all patients, with reports of less frequent arthralgia, back pain, and abdominal pain. Symptoms of HPS usually do not develop until day seven, when pulmonary symptoms such as coughing and tachypnea commence. Patients may report shortness of breath. After cardiopulmonary phase begins, however, the disease progresses rapidly, necessitating frequent hospitalization and ventilation within 24 hours. In a minority of patients with hantavirus infection, cardio-pulmonary symptoms do not develop. These patients would be considered to have a hantavirus infection, non-HPS.

Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS) is an acute febrile illness (ie, temperature greater than 101.0 F [greater than 38.3 C ]) with a prodrome consisting of fever, chills, myalgias, headache, and gastrointestinal symptoms, and one or more of the following features clinical: Bilateral diffuse interstitial edema, or

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A clinically compatible case with laboratory evidence of HPS.

laboratory testing should be done or confirmed in a reference laboratory. Because no clinical disease-specific and general ARDS, the definition of screening cases may be used to identify patients for tests. In general, predisposing medical conditions (eg, chronic lung disease, malignancy, trauma, burns and surgery) are more likely causes of ARDS of HPS, and patients who have underlying conditions and ARDS does not need to be tested for hantavirus.

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