hantavirus pulmonary syndrome united states

  • 6 min read
  • Feb 14, 2020

Hantavirus Disease, by State of Reporting | Hantavirus | DHCPP | CDC
Hantavirus Disease, by State of Reporting | Hantavirus | DHCPP | CDC

No, the world will not be hit by the pandemic hantavirus, too.

A man in China has reportedly died of hantavirus, which is one of a family of viruses spread by rodents that can cause disease in humans. Men from Yunnan Province in southwest China was traveling east by bus to Shadong Province, and 32 other people on the ship are also being tested for hantavirus, according to the newspaper the state-run Global Times Tuesday.

This news has led to some social media to launch another panic that the pandemic virus is ready to make the rounds, even as a new coronavirus that causes COVID-19, killing 16 767 and counting. (About 101 987 people have been recovered, too.) Hantavirus quickly topped the trending topics on Twitter
,
and

search for “Hantavirus” also began to climb in the US on Tuesday morning.

Dr. Tania Elliott NYU Langone Medical in Manhattan told MarketWatch that hantavirus has actually been around for a long time, “perhaps for centuries,” and that it is most common in China with anywhere from 16,000 to 100,000 cases per year.

But unlike the coronavirus – which is believed to be spread from person to person through droplets when an infected person coughs or sneezes – Hantavirus is mainly spread through contact with rodents and their urine, feces or saliva. In fact, the CDC notes that, to date, “no cases of HPS (Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome) have been reported in the United States where the virus is transmitted from one person to another.” So avoid hantavirus basically down to avoid contact with rodents, said Dr. Elliott.

Here’s what you need to know about hantavirus ,.

What the hantavirus?

This family is the spread of disease, especially by rodents – especially the deer mouse in the US – and can cause different diseases in people around the world. Each hantavirus has a specific species of rodent hosts. Hantaviruses in the United States known as the “New World” hantaviruses, and can cause hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS), with symptoms including fatigue, fever and muscle pain in the early stages, and cough and shortness of breath later. hantaviruses other, known as the “Old World” hantaviruses, mostly seen in Europe and Asia, and can cause hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS), with symptoms including headache intense, back and abdominal pain, fever, chills, nausea and blurred vision. Both diseases are considered rare, but can be fatal.

How people are infected with hantavirus?

The CDC notes that infection with hantavirus humans tend to occur sporadically, and most often in rural areas with forests, fields and farms are attractive habitats for rodent hosts – especially the mouse deer in the US, although the cotton mouse, rat rice and white-footed mice have also been known to carry hantaviruses.

rodents shed the virus in their saliva, urine and feces, and the people who most often contract by inhaling small droplets containing the virus that can lead to the air when the rat fresh urine, droppings or nesting material stirred up , This can occur when cleaning in and around your home, if you have a rodent that lived there, too. Opening or cleaning the barn and buildings that were previously unused, especially in rural areas, it can also expose people to an infected rodent feces. Construction, utility and pest control workers may also come into contact with it while working in a crawl space or buildings that might be infested with rats. And hikers and campers may be exposed while camping or shelter in rodent habitat.

The researchers also believe that people can contract hantavirus if they touch something that is contaminated with rodent urine, droppings, or saliva, and then touch their nose or mouth. [] They suspects can become sick if they eat food contaminated by urine, feces or saliva of infected rodents, too. And in rare cases, the virus can be spread if rodents carrying the virus bite someone.

Note: Countries CDC that hantaviruses that the disease causes humans in the United States can not be transmitted from one person to another, such as from touching or kissing someone with it, or of health workers who treat someone with it , Only Chile and Argentina have seen some rare cases of transmission from person to person in close contact with the sick person Andes hantavirus virus.

How people are treated? Is there a vaccine?

Note CDC no specific treatment, cure or vaccine for hantavirus infection. Infected individuals previously recognized and taken to intensive care, the better. In intensive care, the patient was intubated and given oxygen therapy to help them through severe respiratory distress. Those with HFRS (hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome) can also be connected to the infusion of fluid and electrolytes to manage them, and require dialysis in extreme cases. So the health of the body recommended that “if you have been around rodents and have symptoms of fever, muscle pain and severe shortness of breath in, see your doctor.”

How dangerous is it?

Develop HPS (Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome) and HFRS (hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome) can be fatal. HPS has a mortality rate of 38%. Depending on where the viruses that cause HFRS, death occurs in less than 1% to as much as 15% of patients. But the second is also quite rare, and while some patients have a long recovery time from weeks or months, many patients make a full recovery without lasting complications.

Who is most at risk of hantavirus?

Anyone, healthy or not, who come into contact with rodents carry hantavirus risk of developing hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS), unfortunately. Those living with a rat infestation are those most at risk, the CDC said, and any activity that puts you in contact with rodent feces, urine, saliva, or nesting material increases your chances of infection. In the US, people in rural areas are more likely to come in contact with the virus, such as the outbreak of 2012, which involved 10 cases in people who have recently visited Yosemite National Park, or the 2017 outbreak of hantavirus in 17 people in 11 states, including Colorado, Georgia, Illinois , Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Utah and Wisconsin.

How can I prevent hantavirus, or minimize my risk?

The best thing you can do is eliminate contact with rodents at home, at work or at your campsite as you can. At home, seal up any holes or cracks in your home, apartment or garage that could allow rodents. Place traps in and around your home to fight any rat fleas. And seals and cleans easily get food. Sanitation is the key.

You need to take action before clearing space can be a rodent infestation, however. First, ventilation by opening doors and windows for at least 30 minutes. Make sure you wear rubber, latex or vinyl gloves. Then do not stir up dust by sweeping or dust-up dirt or nesting material; Instead, spray the area with disinfectant or a mixture of bleach and water, and let soak for five minutes. Use a paper towel to pick up the urine and feces, and trash in the trash. Finally, disinfect items that may have been contaminated by rodents or urine and feces. ,

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