hantavirus symptoms in child

  • 3 min read
  • Feb 14, 2020

Hantavirus Precautions - Tri County Health
Hantavirus Precautions – Tri County Health

Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) was first identified in 1993 when an outbreak of a contagious lung disease took place in the southwestern United States. Viruses that cause HPS comes from a group of organisms known as hantaviruses. These germs carried by certain species of mice. People get the infection through direct contact with infected rodents or their droppings, urine, or saliva or breathing in air contaminated with the virus. On rare occasions, the infection is transmitted to humans by the bite of a rat. There is no evidence that it can spread from person to person. The incubation period (the time after contact with an infected mouse to the beginning of symptoms) may be 1 to 6 weeks, although the time period has not been established definitively.

The majority of HPS cases occurred during the spring and summer, especially in rural areas. Although infections are relatively rare, it can be deadly.

Within 3 to 7 days of HPS, many symptoms similar to severe colds, flu, or gastrointestinal disease.

After the first few days, difficulty breathing begin suddenly and can develop quickly. People with the infection will develop a condition called adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), in which the lungs lose their ability to move oxygen to the blood. Patients may develop a cough and shortness of breath. Very fast every organ of the body affected.

If your child has a severe cold or flu symptoms and then develop shortness of breath or other breathing problems, call your doctor at once or take your child to the emergency department.

Blood tests can be performed in a specialized laboratory to identify the hantavirus.

There is no specific therapy available for direct HPS treat. There are studies that occurred on the antiviral drug called ribavirin. This drug may someday be an effective treatment for HPS.

Children with HPS need to be treated in the intensive care unit. They may require oxygen therapy and get help breathing with a ventilator for about 2 to 4 days for ARDS combat.

About 45% of patients with HPS died of infection. However, early identification and supportive care at the hospital will help the majority of infected people recover from this dangerous syndrome.

Take steps to reduce the likelihood of a rat in your house and other areas where your children spend time. Seal all holes through which rodents can enter your home. Exterminate rat traps in areas with springs and other measures. wear rubber gloves when touching the dead rat, and disinfect gloves after you use it.

Remove brush and grass away from the foundation of your house to prevent rodents from the hive. When entering areas where rodents might have life, avoid stirring up or breathing potentially contaminated dust. Consider using a mask when cleaning areas contaminated with rodent droppings. Use tightfitting lid on trash cans to prevent rodents from getting into the trash

This site complied with the information.

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