how is hantavirus transmitted to humans

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  • Feb 21, 2020

Ecology | Hantavirus | DHCPP | CDC
Ecology | Hantavirus | DHCPP | CDC

What is Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome?

Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) is a serious respiratory disease transmitted by infected rodents through urine, droppings or saliva. Humans can contract the disease when they breathe in the virus aerosols.

HPS was first recognized in 1993 and has since been identified in the United States. Although rare, HPS potentially lethal.

Who gets the Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome?

Anyone who comes into contact with rodents that carry hantavirus risk of HPS. rodent infestation in and around the home remains the main risk for hantavirus exposure. Even healthy people at risk of infection if exposed to the virus HPS.

How is the spread of disease?

In the United States, Hantavirus infection usually spread by inhaling virus, which in feces, urine and saliva of infected rodents. Although rare, the virus can also be transmitted to humans through the bite of a rodent.

In general Southern Nevada deer (Peromyscus maniculatus) seems to be responsible for the spread of the disease at altitudes above 5,000 feet. About 12 percent of deer mice that have been tested were found infected with the virus.

Other rodents including mice cactus, pinon mouse, brush mouse, mouse canyon and western harvest mouse may also be infected with this virus, but in much lower amounts.

virus did not make the mice sick, but people who come into close contact with rodents may be diseased. Although not all mice have the virus, it is difficult to correctly identify the mouse; so that all the mice should be avoided.

People may get sick when they touch or breathe in dust from where there are rodent droppings (feces) or urine. Insect bite will not make you sick and you will not get HPS from others.

What are the symptoms?

People who are sick of HPS may at first think they have the flu. The difference is that this virus respiratory problems worse, the lungs fill with fluid that can cause breathing to stop and the dead. The mortality rate is about 50 percent

The initial symptoms include :.

About half of patients with HPS also experience the following symptoms:

Late symptoms ranging from four to 10 days after the initial stage of the disease and include:

Less common symptoms include: ?

How quickly symptoms appear

The incubation period is not known because of the small number of cases of HPS. Based on that limited information, it seems that symptoms can develop between one and five weeks after exposure.

What is the treatment for Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome?

There is no specific treatment, cure or vaccine for HPS. People with severe respiratory problems are often placed on oxygen and ventilator. If someone has been around rodents and have symptoms of fever, muscle pain and severe shortness of breath in them should immediately see a doctor.

What can be done to prevent the infection of the virus?

Rodent control in and around the home remains the primary strategy for preventing hantavirus infection

Precautions General

The activities that should be avoided are :.

prevented the mice into the house:

Clean-up Procedure

Guidelines for hikers and campers

Special Precautions < p> Homes of people infected with HPS or buildings with a lot of rats or mice lot stool (faeces) need to be very carefully cleaned. You should contact your health department for specific instructions.

Southern Nevada Health District Environmental Health Section (702) 759-1633

Nevada State Health Division Bureau of Health Protection Services (775) 687 -4750

Control Program vector Washoe County District Health Department (775) 328-2434

where can I get more information?

For questions about the medical aspects of HPS, contact your doctor or the Southern Nevada Health District, Office of Epidemiology at (702) 759-1300.

For questions about the rodents, rodent contamination cleanup procedure and prevention techniques, contact Southern Nevada Health District, Environmental Health Division at (702) 759-1633

Phone :. (702) 759-1000

Email:

Last updated on: August 17, 2018

Email address: < p>

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