how to test for hantavirus pulmonary syndrome

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  • Feb 18, 2020

Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome! - By Dr. Radhika A (Md) | Lybrate
Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome! – By Dr. Radhika A (Md) | Lybrate

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Flu (influenza) is a viral disease of the respiratory tract. Typical symptoms are

Other symptoms may occur, such as

hantavirus term represents several groups of RNA-containing (who is a member of a family of viruses of the Bunyaviridae) that is carried by rodents and can cause severe respiratory infection called hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) and hemorrhagic with renal syndrome (HFRS).

HPS found mainly in America (Canada, USA, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Panama, etc.) while the fever hemrrhatic with renal syndrome (HFRS) is found primarily in Russia, China, and Korea but can be found in Scandinavia and Western Europe and occasionally in other areas.

As with HPS, HFRS result of hantaviruses transmitted by

The purpose of this article is to discuss the HPS; However, much of what is presented on HPS apply for HFRS – the main difference is that the symptoms are dominant in the later stages of disease vary somewhat between the two diseases (lung fluid and at HPS and, fever, and in HFRS) <. / P>

HPS is a disease caused by hantavirus that produce human fills with fluid () and cause death in about 38% of all infected patients.

the symptoms and signs of HPS fall into early and late stages.

signs and symptoms of HPS begin about one to five weeks after the contact hantavirus associated with rodent urine, feces or saliva. The initial symptoms are, last about four to 10 days, and including

Most people who are infected develop these symptoms. Other symptoms of HPS that may occur in about half of patients infected include

Early symptoms may cause diagnostic. In 2018, Kiley Lane, a 27-year-old mother who lives in New Mexico, was diagnosed but symptoms worsen. He was diagnosed with having hantavirus approximately one month after the diagnosis of flu and died about a month later disease

Late symptoms of HPS occur about four to 10 days after the initial symptoms and includes ;.

Some people infected with dengue fever can develop and that may require (HFRS or hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome).

HPS cause is infection in patients with hantavirus. Currently, about 14 subtypes of hantaviruses have been identified. Many subtypes have been named

Some researchers and doctytors only those under the term “New World hantaviruses.” The Sin Nombre subtype has caused the majority of the current HPS disease.

Hantavirus apparently damage the cells that compose capillary blood vessels, causing them to leak fluid. This fluid leakage, if it is deep in the lungs, causing a life-threatening pulmonary syndrome

Hantaviruses live their life cycle in rodents but apparently not endanger .; breed and shed virus in rat urine, feces, and saliva. A recent study in California suggest about 15% of all inspected deer mice tested positive for hantavirus. Although deer mice have become a source of the most HPSinfections, many other rodents may carry hantavirus viruses of different subtypes (eg, white-footed mice, cotton rats, and mice rice).

The main risk factor for HPS is associated with

there is no evidence that HPS is not transmitted from person to person contact in the US , The virus spread from rodents to humans. Although outbreaks seem like there is person-to-person transfer, outbreaks usually noted between groups of people exposed to an infected rodent population the same while those with hantavirus infection does not transfer it to another person who is not infected.

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A test is considered to diagnose HPS, is serology positive, which is evidence of viral antigen in tissues by immunohistochemistry, or the sequence of RNA viruses amplifiable in the blood or tissues, with a compatible history of HPS, is considered diagnostic for HPS.

As a result, the majority of patients diagnosed with HPS usually treated in an intensive care unit by specialists trained in critical care,and usually, in consultation with infectious disease doctors. Because the lung is the organ most compromised by this infection, a lung doctor () is also usually consulted. In addition, specialists from CDC often engaged to help find the source of the outbreak and to help health workers in outbreak sites to prevent further infection.

The main complications of HPS is death from respiratory failure. Those who survive may take several weeks to recover fully. Patients who survive do not have chronic infection also did not experience more chronic problems or complications.

The prognosis of HPS is fair to poor for the moment, about 62% of patients were cured, while about 38% will die. prognosis may be better if the patient gets his / her diagnosis early and given support in the intensive care unit at the hospital. However, early diagnosis is difficult HPS; some patients do not know they have been exposed to mice that carried hantavirus.

There is nothing available to protect against any type of hantavirus. CDC recommends the abolition or reduction of contact with rodents (eg, at home, at work, campsites, barns, warehouses) by reducing access to rodents or rodent-proofing. Sealing cracks and holes, put traps, and keeping the area clean and free food would help. If someone should come in contact with rodents or area in which they live, precautions such as gloves and masks can reduce the possibility of infection; disinfectant treatment possibilities contaminated surfaces may also help prevent disease

Do not try to use a vacuum or use a broom to remove the mouse urine or feces .; This action may increase the risk of HPS to produce aerosol. Risk can be reduced by disabling HPS hantaviruses in the environment by using household detergent and 1 ½ cup of bleach per gallon of water or spray to remove potentially infected area and minimize contact by wearing gloves and masks. Take the same precautions with rat caught in a trap.

In addition, everyone is good blood is Rh-positive or Rh-negative. It is important to know what to expect before, during, and after the blood transfusion, and risk, effecs side, or complications of blood transfusion

Headaches can be divided into two categories :. Headache primary and secondary headaches. migraine headaches, tension headaches, and cluster headaches are considered primary headaches. Secondary headaches are caused by the disease. headache symptoms vary with the type of headache. Over-the-counter pain relievers provide short-term relief for the most headaches.

Kidney failure can occur from an acute event or a chronic condition or disease. prerenal failure caused by blood loss, dehydration,
or medications. Some of the causes of renal failure including renal
sepsis, drugs,
rhabdomyolysis,
multiple myeloma, and acute glomerulonephritis.

post-renal causes of kidney failure include
obstruction of the bladder, prostate problems, tumors, or
Kidney stones.Treatment options including diet, medications, or dialysis.

Low blood pressure, also referred to as hypotension, blood pressure so low that it causes symptoms or signs due to the low flow of blood through the arteries and veins. Some of the symptoms of low blood pressure include headaches, dizziness, and fainting when not enough blood gets to the brain.

Diseases and medications can also cause low blood pressure. When blood flow is too low to deliver enough oxygen and nutrients to vital organs such as the brain, heart, and kidneys; organ does not function normally and may be permanently damaged. X-ray

is a powerful form of electromagnetic radiation that has the ability to pass through solid objects. In medicine, X-rays are used to obtain images of the body. The X-ray is required to diagnose a variety of diseases, for example bone fractures, tumors, arthritis, dental problems, digestive problems or heart disease, and bone.

Side effects, dangers, and risks having X-rays while pregnant or nursing are provided.

© 1996-2020 MedicineNet, Inc. All rights reserved.

MedicineNet does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. ,

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