2019-20 coronavirus pandemic is ongoing (COVID-19), which is caused by (SARS-CoV-2). This outbreak was first identified in the town ,, China, in December 2019 and is recognized as a pandemic by the (WHO) on 11 March 2020. For March 20, more than 246,000 cases of COVID-19 has been reported in over 170 countries and territories, resulting in more than 10,000 deaths and 87,000 recovery. On March 13 the WHO announced that it has become the new center of the pandemic.
Virus, especially among people in a similar way to, through coughing or sneezing. It is considered the most infectious when people are asymptomatic, although the spread is perhaps even before symptoms appear. The time between the usual five days, but can range from 2-14 days. Common symptoms include fever, cough, and shortness of breath. Complications can include and. Currently there are no or special; Efforts consists of alleviation of symptoms and. preventive measures recommended include, cover the mouth when coughing, (especially those who are not healthy), and monitoring and for 14 days for people who suspect they are infected.
The attempt to prevent the spread including travel bans ,,, show delays and cancellations, and the closure of the facility. This includes, national quarantine ,,,, and, steps curfew in China and South Korea, various closing borders or restricting incoming passenger, screening at airports and train stations, and travel warnings regarding the area with community transmission. either nationally or locally in at least 115 countries, affecting more than 1.6 billion students.
has caused a global pandemic, as well as fears of widespread supply shortages in many sectors, including pharmaceuticals, electronics, and food. Negative effects include online, and a variety of products such as canned beans and soup, pasta, toilet paper and bottled water. Some commentators have called the biggest global event since the pandemic.
A case of pneumonia of unknown cause were reported by health authorities in Wuhan, capital of Hubei province, China on December 31, 2019 and an investigation was launched in early January 2020. These cases mostly have a relationship with, the also sale of live animals; Consequently, this virus is estimated to have a home. The virus causing outbreaks is known as SARS-CoV-2, the new virus is closely related to coronavirus, coronavirus and. It is believed the virus may have originated in (genus Rhinolophus).
One of the earliest symptoms traced back to December 1, 2019, a person who does not have a relationship with then-related cluster. From the initial cluster of cases were reported in December 2019 two thirds were found to have links with the market. On March 14, 2020, the unverified reports from saying that the 55-year-old from Hubei province can be the first person who contracted the disease on November 17.
On 26 February 2020, the WHO reported that, as new cases were reported down in China but suddenly increased in Italy, Iran, and South Korea, the number of new cases outside China have exceeded the number of new cases in China for the first time.
There may be a substantial under-reporting of cases, particularly among people with mild symptoms. reported numbers also reflect local decisions on who and when to test. For example, on March 13, 2020, the United Kingdom reported 798 confirmed cases, but health officials estimate the actual number of people infected may be between 5,000 and 10,000.
On February 26, relatively few cases have been reported among the youth, with people 19 and under who form 2.4 percent of cases worldwide.
On March 19, 2020 a study based on the data (to 29 February) from Wuhan Epidemic, published in Nature. In addition to the official data on reported cases, the study was to estimate the affected individuals are unknown to general knowledge. It distinguishes three groups: infected, infected with the symptoms, and those who go to the hospital. A reference group is data collected from individuals who leave Wuhan from 29 January to February 4th through the airport. Clear estimate on the total number of infected people lead to 1.94. Besides it takes 7 days from the onset of the disease in an individual, which cause disease in other individuals in the relationship-infectee infector. The study took place with the basic reproduction number 2, the majority of the population will be infected unless specified valid public health interventions among other measures.
Among those who died from the disease, the time of the development of symptoms to death was between 6 and 41 days, with 14 days. On March 19, 2020, more than 9,800 deaths have been attributed to COVID-19. Most of those who died were older people – about 80% of the deaths are in people over 60, and 75% have an existing health conditions including and.
The first death was confirmed on January 9, 2020 in Wuhan. The first death outside China occurred on February 1, in the Philippines, and the first deaths outside Asia is in French. 28 February outside of mainland China, more than a dozen deaths were recorded in each of Iran, South Korea, and Italy. March 13 amounted to more than 40 countries and regions have reported deaths, on every continent except.
The growth of total cases confirmed
The epidemic curve COVID-19 by the date of the report
of confirmed cases and deaths in China and the rest of the world (ROW)
Semi-log plot of the new confirmed cases daily to the region: Hubei Province, mainland China including Hubei, the rest of the world (ROW), and the world total
Semi-log plot coronavirus death every day by region: Hubei Province, mainland China including Hubei, the rest of the world (ROW), and the total world
The number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 per million people Reviews, Mar 19, 2020
The number of confirmed deaths due to COVID 19 per million people Reviews, Mar 19, 2020
Symptoms COVID-19 are and those who are infected can be either or develop such as fever, cough, fatigue, shortness of breath, or. The signs and symptoms and their distinctive, displayed in the appropriate table.
Further development can cause severe pneumonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome ,, septic shock and death. Some of those infected may be asymptomatic, back test results confirm that the infection but do not show clinical symptoms, so researchers have issued a suggestion that they are in close contact with the infected person is confirmed to be monitored closely and examined to rule out infection.
usual (the time between infection and onset of symptoms) ranges from one to fourteen days; it is most commonly five days. In one case, it may have an incubation period of 27 days.
The main mode is through that people exhale, for example when coughing or sneezing. Droplets remain suspended in the air only for a short time in the air at 65% relative humidity (RH) and 21-23 ° C [70F to 73.4F but may stay viable and infectious on metal, cardboard, glass or plastic surface. The stability of the SARS-CoV virus-2 in the air and on various surfaces is believed to be comparable with each other, some of which can last up to nine days at room temperature. Its similarity to the SARS-CoV-1 specifically confirmed in laboratory tests found the virus can survive up to or exceeding 72 hours on plastic and stainless steel. A survey of research on the inactivation of other coronaviruses using a variety of biocidal agents showed that disinfecting surfaces contaminated with SARS-CoV-2 can also be achieved using similar solutions (within one minute of exposure on the surface of stainless steel), including 62-71% 50-100%, 0.1%, 0.5%, and 0.2 to 7.5%; and gluconate less effective.
The WHO has stated that the risk of spread of a person without symptoms is “very low”. However, if one has started the symptoms and a mild cough, there is a risk of transmission. An analysis of the infection in Singapore and Tianjin in China revealed that coronavirus infection may be spread by people who had just caught a virus and has not started showing symptoms.
There is a forecast for (the average number of infected people tends to infect), from 2.13 to 4.82. It is similar to (SARS-CoV).
On March 18, Wuhan, along with the rest of China do not have new cases, raising the question of the potential consequences when social distance requirement lifted. Estimates are that less than 1% in China has had this disease, leaving more than 99% are vulnerable to future waves of infection. COVID-19 have shown differences other epidemics such as SARS (2003) found no evidence for transmission during the incubation and early-symptoms. Ben Cowling, professor of epidemiology at the Hong Kong University, said, “The more comp coronavirusfertile for influenza. ” Some fear COVID-19 could follow the same path with a flu pandemic from 1918 to 1919 in which the second and third waves cause most fatalities. Of course, with 19 new COVID, only predicted future trajectory.
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus, was first isolated from three people with pneumonia linked to acute respiratory disease cases in Wuhan. All the features of the novel SARS-CoV-2 virus occurs in the coronavirus associated in nature.
SARS-CoV-2 is closely related to the original SARS-CoV. It is thought to have a home. Genetic analysis has revealed that the coronavirus genetic cluster with genus, in subgenus (lineage B) together with two bat-derived strains. It is 96% identical in all other sample rates bat coronavirus (BatCov RaTG13). In February 2020, Chinese researchers found that there is only one difference in the genome sequence of particular between the virus found in and those of humans, however, the entire genome compared with the date found at most 92% of the genetic material is shared between pangolin coronavirus and SARS-CoV -2, which is not enough to prove pangolin be.
Infections by viruses may temporarily be diagnosed based on symptoms, although confirmation finally by (RRT-PCR) from an infected secretions (71% sensitivity) and (98% sensitivity).
The WHO has published several testing protocols for SARS-CoV-2, with the first one was published on 17 January. Tests using real-time (RRT-PCR). This test can be performed on respiratory samples or blood. Results are generally available within a few hours to days.
A person is considered at risk if they have traveled to an area with ongoing community transmission in the 14 days before, or have close contact with an infected person. Common key indicators include fever, cough and. Other indicators that may include fatigue ,, anorexia, sputum production and sore throat.
imaging characteristics and features have been described in a series of limited cases. Was to develop an international online database of imaging findings for confirmed cases. However, due to overlap with other infections such as, without confirmation by PCR imaging are of limited use in identifying COVID-19.
The strategy to prevent transmission of the disease include good overall, wash your hands, avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth with unwashed hands, cough / sneeze into a tissue and place the tissue in the trash immediately. Those who may already have the infection have been advised to wear a surgical mask in public. measures are also recommended to prevent transmission.
Many government has limited or advised against all non-essential travel to and from countries and areas affected by the outbreak. However, the virus has reached the deployment stage in most of the world community. This means that the virus is spreading in a community whose members are not traveling to areas with extensive transmission. 
Health care providers caring for someone who may be infected are encouraged to use, contact precautions and preventive measures air with eye protection.
is an important method for health authorities to determine the source of infection and prevent further transmission. Misunderstandings circulating about how to prevent infection, such as: rinsing the nose and gargle with mouthwash is not effective.
On March 13th, 2020, no despite a number of organizations are working to develop one. China has banned the trade and consumption.
recommended to prevent the spread of disease. (CDC) recommends that people wash their hands frequently with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially after going to the toilet or when hands look dirty; before eating; and after blowing one’s nose, coughing, or sneezing. Further it is recommended to use at least 60% alcohol by volume when soap and water are not available an alcohol-based. WHO also advises people to avoid touching your eyes, nose, or mouth with unwashed hands.
Health organizations recommend that people shut their mouth and nose with a bent elbow or tissue when coughing or sneezing (network then must be removed immediately). The use by those who may be infected have been recommended, because they can limit the volume and mileage expiration droplets spread when talking, sneezing and coughing. WHO has issued guidelines on when and how to use the masks.
Masks have also been recommended for use by people taking care of someone who may have the disease. WHO has recommended wearing masks by healthy people only if they are at high risk, such as people who care for people with COVID-19, although the masks can help people avoid touching their face.
Surgical masks are the lowest class of protection, and designed primarily to protect others from the wearer. Masks designed to protect the wearer is technically “respirator”, although calling them “mask” is common. Only China has specifically recommended the use of masks by healthy members of society. However, face masks have been widely used by healthy people in Hong Kong, Japan, Malaysia, and.
Social distancing includes measures intended to slow the spread of the disease by minimizing close contact between individuals. Methods include quarantine; travel restrictions; and the closure of schools, workplaces, stadiums, theaters, or shopping center. Individuals can also apply methods of social distance by staying at home, limit travel, avoid crowded areas, do not shake hands, and be physically distanced himself from others. Many governments now mandate or recommend social distancing in the areas affected by the outbreak.
including (60 years and older), they are weak (ie for the treatment of cancer, treatment for autoimmune diseases, HIV, organ transplants or bone marrow transplants), and those with serious underlying medical conditions (eg, ,,. They face an increased risk of serious illness and complications and have been advised to avoid crowds and stay at home as much as possible in the area of community outbreaks.
The house has been recommended for those diagnosed with COVID-19 and those who suspect they have been infected. In addition, individuals who have recently traveled to a country with a wide transmission or who have had direct contact with someone diagnosed with COVID-19 also has been asked by some health authorities for the self-quarantine or practice social distancing during the 14 days of exposure Last possible.
The National Health Service in the UK have recommended that people with symptoms of COVID-19 should stay at home for 14 days, take precautions to avoid infecting others in the household. health care for the symptoms did not significantly worsen should not be contacted.
There are two basic strategies for controlling outbreaks: containment (or repression) and mitigation. Detention is made early in the outbreak, and aims to trace and isolate those infected to stop the disease from spreading to the entire population. When it is no longer possible to prevent the spread of disease, efforts then moved to the mitigation phase, when action is taken to slow the spread and reduce the impact on the health care system and society. A combination of both containment and mitigation measures can be carried out at the same time.
Part managing infectious disease outbreaks is trying to lower the peak of the epidemic, which is known as an epidemic curve flattening. This reduces the risk of overwhelmed health services and provide more time for vaccines and treatments to be developed. Non-pharmaceutical interventions to manage the outbreak include personal preventive measures, such as hand hygiene, wearing face-masks and self-quarantine; measures aimed at community social distance such as closing schools and canceling mass gatherings; community involvement to encourage acceptance and participation in the intervention; as well as environmental measures surface sanitizing.
Another drastic measures taken in China after the severity of the outbreak became apparent, as the entire city of quarantine affects 60 million people in Hubei and strict travel restrictions. Other countries adopt various measures aimed at limiting the spread of the virus. For example, mass screening is introduced, the local quarantine, and issued a warning on the movement of affected individuals. Singapore provides financial support for those infected with the quarantine themselves and imposed large fines for those who fail to do so. increased production of face masks, and sentenced stockpiling medical supplies. some countRies requiring people to report flu-like symptoms with their doctors, especially if they have visited.
Simulations for British and American shows that mitigation (slowing down but not halt the epidemic spread) and suppression (reversing the growth of the epidemic) has a big challenge.
optimal mitigation policies may reduce demand peaks at 2/3 health and mortality by half, still produces hundreds of thousands of deaths and health systems are overwhelmed.
Oppression may preferably but need to be maintained until vaccines become available (at least 18 months later) as the transmission quickly rebounded when relaxed, while the long-term intervention causes social and economic costs.
There is no specific approved for COVID-19, but ongoing development efforts, including testing of existing drugs. Efforts to alleviate the symptoms may include taking regular () cold medicine, drink fluids, and rest. Depending on the severity, and breathing support may be required. Use may worsen outcomes. Some of the compounds, which were previously approved for the treatment of other viral diseases, are being investigated.
The first known case of novel coronavirus traced back to December 1, 2019 on, Hubei, China. A claim later confirmed, citing the Chinese government documents, indicates that the first victim was a 55 years old man who fell ill on November 17, 2019. [under] In the following months, the number of cases of coronavirus in Hubei gradually increased to several hundred, before rising rapidly in in January 2020, on December 31, 2019 the virus has caused cases of pneumonia of unknown enough to be reported to the health authorities in Wuhan, capital of Hubei province, China, and investigation of disease begin early next month. This is mostly linked to, which is also sold live animals, resulting in a virus is estimated to have a home.
During the initial stage, the number of cases doubling approximately every seven and a half days. In the early and mid-January 2020, the virus spread to the other, assisted by, with Wuhan into a transportation center and the main railway exchange in China; an infected person spread rapidly across the country. On January 20, China reported nearly 140 new cases in one day, including two in Beijing and one in. Then the official data shows that 6174 people have developed symptoms January 20, 2020.
On January 30, the WHO declared the outbreak to be. On February 24, the director ,, warned that the virus could become a global pandemic because of the increasing number of cases outside China.
On March 11, the WHO officially declared an outbreak of coronavirus become, after a period of sustained community level transmission in several different areas of the world. On March 13, WHO declared pandemic Europe into a new center, after the rate of new cases in Europe exceeded that recorded in other parts of the world other than China. By March 16, 2020, the number of reported cases in the world outside China has surpassed from mainland China. On March 19, 2020, over 241,000 cases have been reported worldwide; More than 9,900 people were killed; and over 87,000 have been recovered.
national response measures have included containment measures such as quarantine and curfew. On March 19, lockdowns are in place in China ,,,, Austria, and. 
The first person known to have fallen ill because of the new virus traced back to December 1, 2019 in Wuhan. Doctor observing a group of unknown pneumonia on Dec. 26, and the hospital informed the CDC on December 27th. A public notice on the epidemic released by the Health Commission of Wuhan City on December 31. WHO was informed about the outbreak on the same day. On January 1, 2020, Wuhan police announced eight people, who were later found all doctors, summoned and warned to “spread rumors” equate to disease. Doctors also “reprimanded” by the police on January 3. At the early stages of the outbreak, saying that they had no “clear evidence” of human-to-human transmission.
launched a radical campaign described by as “” to prevent the spread of the virus. In what has been described as “the largest quarantine in human history”, an announced on January 23 stops traveling in and out of Wuhan, which was extended to a total of 15 cities in Hubei. the use of private vehicles are prohibited in the city. (25 January) our celebrationback canceled in many places. authorities also announced the construction of the hospital while, which was completed in 10 days, and 14 hospital while under construction in China in total.
On January 26, and further measures are instituted to contain the outbreak COVID-19, including health declaration for travelers and change national holidays. Leading group decided to extend Spring Festival to contain the outbreak. Universities and schools across the country were also closed. Hong Kong and Macau region instituted several measures, especially in schools and universities. Remote working steps are instituted in some areas of China. Various travel restrictions imposed. provinces and other cities outside of Hubei to impose a travel ban. Public transport is modified, and museums across China temporarily closed. Controlling the movement of people applied in many cities, and it has been estimated that more than half of China’s population, about 760 million people, face some form of restriction will be out of their homes.
After the outbreak of entering a global phase in March, many Chinese students studying in Europe and the United States have returned home as domestic new cases each day in China decreased. The Chinese authorities have taken strict measures to prevent the virus from “imported” from other countries. For example, Beijing has imposed a mandatory 14-day quarantine for all international travelers entering the city.
The initial response by the authorities of Wuhan criticized as a priority that may not be favorable for local officials over public safety, and the Chinese government was also criticized for covering up and shrink the initial discovery and severity of outbreaks. from a variety of Chinese doctors, including on December 30 revealed that the hospital authorities Wuhan’ve realized that the virus is the SARS coronavirus and the patient was placed under quarantine. However, the news of the outbreak was dismissed as “rumor mongering” by the Wuhan Public Security Bureau. At the moment China has informed WHO of a new coronavirus as of December 31, reported that the government was keeping “its own citizens in the dark”. Observers also blamed senior officials who left the institution with inaccurate information on the outbreak and “contribute to a prolonged period of inaction that allows the virus to spread”. Some experts doubt the accuracy of the number of cases reported by the Chinese government, which repeatedly changing how to count cases of coronavirus. The Chinese government has also been accused refused assistance from the CDC and WHO.
Despite the criticism has been aimed at the aggressive response of China to control the outbreak, China’s actions have also been praised by several foreign leaders such as US President, and the President of Russia. WHO Director congratulated the Chinese government “for the steps extraordinary had taken to contain the outbreak”, and then WHO report described China’s response as “perhaps the most ambitious, energetic and aggressive disease containment efforts in history”. According to a media report on 16 March, the economy in China was very hard-hit in the first two months of 2020 due to the measures taken by the government to limit the spread of the virus, and plunged 20.5%
The outbreak was confirmed to have spread to Italy on January 31, when two Chinese tourists tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 in Rome. In response, the Italian government to stop all flights to and from China and declared a state of emergency. On January 31, the designated head, as Special Commissioner for COVID-19 Emergency. Cluster unassociated then further cases detected starts with 16 cases confirmed on 21 February.
On February 22, the Council of Ministers announced the decision of the new law to contain the outbreak, including the quarantining more than 50,000 people from 11 different cities. The Prime Minister said “In the area of the outbreak, in and out will not be given. The suspension of work activities and sporting events have been ordered in the regions.”
On March 4, the Italian government ordered a full closure of all schools and universities nationwide as Italy reached 100 deaths. All major sporting events, including Serie A football match will be held behind closed doors until April. On March 9, all sports are suspended thoroughly for at least a month. On March 11, Prime Minister Conte ordered a halt to virtually all commercial activities except supermarkets and pharmacies.
On March 6, Italian College of Anesthesia, Analgesia, Resuscitation and Intensive Care (SIAARTI) recommendations were issued regarding the protocol may be used.
On March 19, 2020, there were 41,035 confirmed cases, 3405 people were killed and 4,440 recovery in Italy. On 16 March it was reported that within 24 hours 368 people have died from the virus. On March 18, 4207 new cases and 475 deaths were reported recently by. After China, it was the worst affected countries by COVID-19. On March 19, Italy overtook China as the country with most of the deaths associated coronavirus in the world after it reported 3,405 fatalities from the pandemic.
Covid 19 were confirmed to have spread to South Korea on January 20, 2020 from China. There was a large increase in the case on February 20, potentially due to a meeting at a known as.
42 devotees China Shincheonji visiting Daegu from Wuhan China was suspected by some as spreading the plague. On February 22, 9336 between the followers of the church, 1261 reported symptoms. A petition was circulated asking for the dissolution of the church. On February 28, more than 2,000 confirmed cases reported, rising to 3,150 on February 29.
All of South Korea’s military bases are in quarantine after tests confirmed that three soldiers were indeed positive for the virus. flight schedule is also affected and therefore they change.
More than 1.5 million South Koreans have signed the President over what they claim is the government’s mishandling of the outbreak.
On March 13, it was reported that South Korea is using the drive-thru method for testing for the virus. The test takes 10 minutes to perform, and results are available the next day.
On March 17, 2020, about 70 people infected with the virus after attending church and has a salt-water is sprayed into their mouths, under the belief that this will protect them from the virus.
North Korea closed its border with China in January. The North Korean government officially denied WHO that they have in any case, but the South Korean sources estimate at least 180 to 200 deaths among soldiers, not counting those among civilians. No estimates are only infected.
Iran reported the first confirmed case of SARS-CoV-2 infection on February 19 at, where, according to two people had died that day. initial steps announced by the government, including the cancellation of concerts and other cultural events, sporting events, and the Friday prayer, the closure of universities, higher education institutions and schools, and were allocated 5 trillion rials to combat the virus. The president said on February 26, 2020 that there are no plans to quarantine the affected area of the outbreak, and only the individual will be quarantined. Plans to limit travel between cities was announced in March. shrine in Qom remains open to pilgrims until March 16, 2020.
Iran became the center spread of the virus after China. Amidst claims of a cover-up of the level of the epidemic in this country, countries more than ten have been tracking their cases back to Iran by February 28th showed that the outbreak may be more severe than the 388 cases reported by the Iranian government on that date. The closed, with 23 of the 290 MPs are reported to have been tested positive for the virus on March 3. A number of senior government officials and two members of parliament have died from the disease. On March 15, the Iranian government reported 100 deaths in a single day, until that time, the most ever recorded in a period of time.
The first case was registered in Spain, in, on January 31, 2020. On March 19, Spain reported nearly 200 deaths in a single day, this brings the total death count to more than 800 to date.
On January 31, the entry is limited to the United States, as immigrants or non-immigrants, all aliens who are physically present in the People’s Republic of China, excluding Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macau, during the period of 14- days before they enter or attempt to enter the United States.
In the state, the first death in the United States reported on February 29, after an outbreak inin, following which the governor of Washington declared a state of emergency. Florida and California also declared a state of emergency in early March. More than a dozen school districts canceled classes on March 3, for disinfection and other preventive measures. On March 6, canceled classes in-person; Seattle-based university is home to 50,000 students. Several public and private schools outside New York City have been closed. All schools in, the area was closed on March 7, after the virus appeared in the case.
On March 6, the President signed into law. The bill provides $ 8.3 billion in emergency funds for federal agencies to respond to outbreaks.
US major companies, including, Facebook, Twitter and, impose travel bans employees, and several conferences were canceled. Some companies, including, and also encourages employees to work from home.
Many of the major US sports league to cancel the scheduled event. The (NBA) indefinitely. On March 12, (MLS) and (MLR) announced the 2020 season they will be suspended for 30 days. The (NHL) suspended play on. announced it would suspend operations, including spring training games remaining, and delaying the start of at least two weeks. On March 16, (NASCAR) announced that all race events through May 3 will be delayed. Other events canceled or suspended cover, season, and.
On March 11, the president announced the suspension of most travel from Europe (including the UK) for 30 days, starting on 13 March. He also said that the health insurance companies agreed to waive all co-payments for care of a coronavirus and expand insurance coverage for the treatment of coronavirus cover. Department of Homeland Security explained that the suspension applied only trip; it does not apply to European countries that are not members, such as the UK, Republic of Ireland, Croatia, Albania or Belarus. In addition, the travel ban does not apply to US citizens or permanent residents, or their family members or those traveling on some types of visa. On March 14, President Trump expand travel restrictions in Europe to include the UK and Ireland. In addition, representatives from the insurance industry explained that, contrary to statements by the president, the only major health insurers agreed to waive the co-payment for coronavirus testing, and not for the treatment of coronavirus, which is much more expensive.
On March 19, 2020, the epidemic is present in all states, plus the District of Columbia. The number of confirmed cases in the US rose to 14 322, with 218 deaths. On March 13, US President Trump declared due to an outbreak of the virus. This action makes federal funds available for crisis response. As per media reports on March 15, many businesses are closed or reduced hours throughout the US as a method to try to combat the virus.
has been criticized for discouraging threats and directs control messages with health officials and scientists to coordinate public statements and publications related to the virus by the office of Vice President. President Trump has vowed to “keep a low number”, leading to claims that he is trying to limit the amount of published statistics. Trump Government has also been “dissolved” directorate for global and May 2018.
2019-20 pandemic coronavirus was confirmed to have spread to Japan on January 16, 2020.
On February 27, 2020, the Prime Minister requested that all elementary, middle Japan, and a high school close to early April to help contain the virus. outbreak has been a concern for the scheduled take place in Tokyo from the end of July. The Japanese government has thus been taking extra precautions to help minimize the impact of the epidemic. On 15 March it was reported that 15 coronavirus clusters have been identified in Japan, with the largest cluster in the area.
British response to the virus that first appeared as one of the most relaxed of the countries affected and until March 18, 2020 the British government did not impose any form or mass action on its citizens. On 15 March it was reported that the British government is no longer going to test people with mild symptoms to isolate themselves from the coronavirus, however, will extend the testing for people seeking hospital treatment for the virus or theirThe long-term care facilities. On March 16, the Prime Minister made an announcement advising against all non-essential travel and social contacts, to include where possible and avoid places such as pubs, restaurants and theaters. Government restrictions imposed on 18 March restrict attendance at schools for children of workers in the chosen profession, namely NHS employees, the police and the people important to the food supply. The government has received some criticism for a perceived lack of speed and intensity in response to the concerns faced by the community.
More than 170 territories have at least one case. Because, some countries have restricted the free movement and border control set.
An analysis of the pattern of air travel used to map and predict the dispersal patterns and published in mid-January 2020. Based on information from (2018), Hong Kong, Tokyo and has the greatest volume of tourists from Wuhan. , Sydney and also reported as a popular destination for people traveling from Wuhan. reported as the least capable of in terms of readiness, while towns in Australia are considered the most capable.
There is an international commentary that. On January 22, (AFC) announced that it will move the game in the third round of Wuhan to, influence on the women’s national team squad ,, and. A few days later, the AFC announced that together they will move the game to Sydney. , Which was originally planned to be held in Wuhan from 3 until February 14 was also canceled and moved to, Jordan which will be held between the 3rd and 11th of March.
Australia released the Emergency Response Plan for Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) on 7 February. It states that many undiscovered around COVID-19, and that Australia will emphasize border control and communication in response to a pandemic.
The announcement on the television screen in The Netherlands, advises students not to travel to China (19 Feb 2020)
A worker disinfects ambulance, South Korea
Italian Prime Minister and the task force to discuss how to respond to an outbreak of coronavirus
As a result of the outbreak, many countries and regions including most, Armenia, Australia, India, Iraq, Indonesia ,, Kuwait, Malaysia ,,, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Vietnam and the United States have imposed suspensions on Chinese residents or new visitors to China, or have stopped issuing visas and the visa requirement reimposed on Chinese citizens. Samoa even began to refuse entry to its own citizens who had previously been to China, attract widespread criticism over the legality of the decision.
rejected the idea of suspending and introduce border controls with Italy, who had by some European politicians. After some EU member states announced the complete closure of their national borders to foreign nationals, the President said that “certain controls may be justified, but the general travel ban is not seen as the most effective by the World Health Organization.”
to temporarily prohibit foreigners entry and two of ‘s holiest sites, to prevent the spread of coronavirus in Britain. United States suspended from the trip and the UK. Many countries then began to close their borders to almost all non-citizens or non-resident in rapid succession, including India, Slovakia, Denmark, Poland, and Lithuania.
Because of the quarantine effective public transport in Wuhan and Hubei, several countries have plans to evacuate their nationals and diplomatic staff from the region, mainly through the home nation that has been provided clearance by the Chinese authorities. Canada, USA, Japan, India, France, Australia, Sri Lanka, Germany and Thailand is the first to plan the evacuation of their citizens. Pakistan has said that it would not evacuate any citizen of China. On February 7, Brazil evacuated 34 Brazil or family members in addition to the four Polish, Chinese and Indian nationals. Poles, China and India off the plane in Poland, where the Brazilian plane made a stopover before following the route to Brazil. Brazilians who go to Wuhan quarantined at a nearby military base. On the same day, 215 Canada (176 of the first plane, and 39 of the second plane chartered by the US government) originating from China, for which it will be quarantined for two weeks. On February 11, another plane of Canada (185) from Wuhan to land at CFB Trenton. Australian authorities evacuated 277 residents on 3 and 4 February until that has been “repurposed” as a quarantine facility, where they stayed for 14 days. An evacuation flight arrived in Auckland New Zealand on February 5; passengers (including some from Australia and the Pacific) were quarantined at a naval base in Whangaparoa north of Auckland. United States announced that it will evacuate aboard American cruise ship Diamond Princess. On February 21, a plane carrying 129 passengers were evacuated from the Diamond Princess Canada landed in Trenton, Ontario. The Indian government has scheduled the air force to evacuate its citizens from Iran.
On February 5, the Chinese foreign ministry stated that 21 countries (including Belarus, Pakistan, Trinidad and Tobago, Egypt and Iran) has sent aid to China.
US City announced plans to send the medical aid to Wuhan, was his. The (UPMC) also announced plans to provide assistance. Some Chinese students in American universities have also been joined together to help deliver aid to the virus that ravaged China, with a group together in Chicago and Surrounding reportedly manage to send 50,000 N95 masks and 1,500 protective clothing to the hospital in Hubei province in date January 30th.
humanitarian aid organization, in coordination with the transport and logistical support, sending 200,000 face masks along with other personal protective equipment, including gloves and gowns, by emergency airlift arrived, asking for supplies, January 30. Stated on 26 January that it would donate US $ 5 million in assistance to support the response in China which will be aimed at helping “the appropriate emergency funds and technical support to help front-line responders”. On February 5, the Bill and Melinda further announced a $ 100 million donation to the WHO, who made an appeal for funding contributions to the international community on the same day. The donation will be used for the treatment of vaccine research efforts and funding along with protecting “the population at risk in Africa and South Asia.”
Japan, in the process of coordination of shuttle flights to Wuhan to pick up Japanese citizens in the city, has promised that the first aircraft will bring to Wuhan supply of assistance that the Japanese foreign minister said it will consist of the “masks and protective clothing for people -the Chinese as well as for the citizens of Japan “. On January 26, the plane arrived in Wuhan, donated the supply of one million face masks to the city. Also among the 20,000 relief supplies protective clothing for medical staff in Hubei donated by.
On January 28, the city of 50,000 was donated masks to its sister-cities, and on 6 February, the city sent 22,000 masks on, sister-cities. Ruling on February 10, made a symbolic 5,000 yen deduction from the salary of March each LDP lawmakers, a total of 2 million yen, to be donated to China, with the party’s general secretary ,, which states that “For Japan, when outbreaks of the virus in China, it was like seeing the suffering of relatives or neighbors, the Japanese are willing to help China and hoped the outbreak would pass as quickly as possible. ”
Other countries also announced a relief effort. Malaysia announced a donation of 18 million to China. Also donated $ 1.4 million worth of Philippine-made face masks, which were sent to Wuhan. Turkey sends medical equipment, and Germany submitted various medical supplies including 10,000. On February 19th, the Singapore Red Cross announced that it would send a $ 2.26 million of aid to China, which consists of protective material and training.
The WHO has praised the Chinese government’s efforts in managing and containing the epidemic, with the Director-General expressed his “confidence in China’s approach to controlling the epidemic” and called on the public to “remain calm”. WHO noted the contrast between, where the Chinese authorities accused of secrecy that hampered prevention efforts and detention, and the current crisis in which the central government “has provided regular updates to avoid panic ahead of the Lunar New Year holidays.”
On January 23 in response to the central government’s decision to implement the WHO representative Gauden Galea said that while it was “certainly not a WHO recommendation has been made”It was also ‘a very important indication of the commitment to contain the epidemic in the place where the most concentrated’ and called it” unprecedented in the history of public health. ‘
On January 30, following the confirmation of human-to-human transmission outside of China and an increasing number of cases in other countries, the WHO declared the outbreak a (PHEIC), the sixth PHEIC since the measure was first called for. Tedros explained that PHEIC, in this case, is “not a vote of no confidence in China,” but because of the risk of global deployment, especially for low- and middle-income countries without a strong health system. Responding to the implementation of the travel ban, Tedros stated that “there is no reason for steps do not need to interfere with international travel and trade” and that “WHO does not recommend restricting trade and movement.”
On February 5, the WHO urged the global community to contribute $ 675 million for strategic readiness funds in countries of low income, citing the urgency for developing countries that “do not have a system to detect people infected , even if it appears. ” Tedros further made a statement which stated that “We are only as strong as our weakest link” and urged the international community to “invest today or pay later.”
On February 11, the WHO in a press conference established COVID-19 as the name of the disease. On the same day, Tedros stated that the Secretary-General had agreed to give “power of the entire United Nations system in response.” UN Crisis Management Team is activated as a result, enables coordination across the UN response, which the WHO said it would allow them to “focus on the health response while other organizations can bring their expertise to bear on the broader social, economic and developmental implications of the outbreak.”
On February 14, led by WHO Joint Mission Team with China enabled to provide international experts and WHO touching the ground in China to assist in the management of domestic and evaluate “the severity and transmissibility of disease” by hosting workshops and meetings with key national institutions to conduct field visits to assess “the impact of response activities at provincial and district levels, including urban and rural settings. ‘
On February 25, the WHO said that “the world must do more to prepare for a possible pandemic of coronavirus,” which states that while it is still too early to call it a pandemic, countries should remain “on the readiness phase.” Responding to the growing plague in Iran, WHO sends a team of Joint Mission there on the same day to assess the situation.
On February 28, the WHO official said coronavirus threat assessment at the global level would be raised from “high” to “very high,” the highest level of alert and risk assessment. Mike Ryan, executive director of the WHO health emergency program, warned in a statement that “this is a reality check for every government on this planet: .. Build Prepare this virus may be on the road and you have to be ready,” urges that appropriate response actions can help the world avoid “the worst.” Ryan further stated that the current data does not guarantee public health officials to declare a global pandemic, saying that the statement means “we basically accept that every human being on this planet will be affected by the virus.”
On March 11, WHO declared the outbreak an official pandemic coronavirus. Director-General of WHO said that it was “very concerned both by the alarming rate of the spread and severity, and at an alarming rate does not act.”
Some have criticized ‘s lack of solidarity with the Italians coronavirus affected.
A number of provincial-level administrator (CPC) dismissed for their handling of quarantine efforts in Central China, a sign of dissatisfaction with the political establishment’s response to the outbreak in the area. Some experts believe this may be a step to protect the general secretary of the Communist Party of popular anger over the outbreak of coronavirus. Some commentators have suggested that the disease could be a protest over a rare protest against the CPC. rose as fears of immigration from mainland China. has also voiced concern over what is included in the travel ban involving the People’s Republic of China forto “” and. Several countries have used the epidemic to build up, increasing the accusation that these countries, which include, among others, who put politics before health, tried to use the outbreak to demonstrate to the CPC. That exists between the US and China may have put a coordinated effort to combat the outbreak in Wuhan.
has been greatly affected by the virus. The spread of the virus has raised questions about the future viability of the regime. The Iranian president wrote an open letter to world leaders asking for help, saying that his country does not have access to the international market due.
coronavirus outbreak in the United States may have been used to negatively affect the chances of ‘s of re-election in. European Union leaders condemned the US decision to restrict travel from Europe to the United States. Outbreaks also prompted calls for the US to adopt a common social policy in other rich countries, including ,,, and a higher level of funding. Some countries have exempted emergency order requiring the public has physical access to the meeting site, allowing meetings to be held by a public teleconference. Diplomatic deteriorate, such as South Korea criticized the “ambiguous and passive quarantine efforts” of Japan.
March 20, more than 960 million children do not attend school and because of the closure of schools country wide temporary or indefinite mandated by the government in an effort to slow the spread. 105 countries have shut down schools nationwide, affecting students who normally would be present to the class. 15 states have implemented a local school closures to prevent or contain COVID-19, affecting an additional 640 million school children and adolescents.
Even when a school closure is temporary, it brings social and economic costs are high. Disruption they cause affects people worldwide, but the impact is more severe for disadvantaged children and their families including impaired learning, impaired nutrition, parenting issues and consequent economic costs for families who can not work.
In response to school closures caused by COVID-19, recommends the use of programs and platforms that schools and teachers can use to reach students remotely and limit the disruption of education.
coronavirus outbreak has been linked to several examples of supply shortages, derived from: a global increase in the use of equipment to fight the plague, panic buying and disruption to the factory and logistics operations. Has issued a warning about the lack of medicines and medical equipment because of rising consumer demand and supplier disruptions. Some areas, such as USA, Italy, and Hong Kong, also witnessed the panic buying caused cleared shelves of grocery essentials such as food, toilet paper and bottled water, induce a shortage of supply. The particular have been warned about the delay to the delivery of electronic goods. According to the WHO director-general of Tedros Adhanom, the demand for personal protection equipment has increased 100-fold and this demand has led to price increases of up to twenty times the normal price and also induced delays in the supply of medical items for four to six months. It also led to a shortage of personal protective equipment in the world, with the WHO warning will endanger the health workers.
As mainland China is and manufacturing hub, virus outbreaks have been seen to pose a major threat to the destabilization. Agathe Demarais of had predicted that the market will remain stable until a clearer picture emerged on the potential outcome. In January 2020, some analysts estimate that the economic fallout from the epidemic in global growth could exceed that of. One estimate provides $ 300 + billion impact on the supply chain in the world that can last up to two years. reported “rush” after a sharp drop because of lower demand from China. Global down on 24 February due to a significant rise in the number of COVID-19 case outside mainland China. On February 27, due to mounting concerns about an outbreak of coronavirus, various US stock indexes included, and, posted their sharp fall since 2008, with the Dow fell 1,191 points, the biggest one-day decline since. All three indexes ended the week down more than 10 percent. On February 28, Assessment Scope GmbH reiterated China’s sovereign credit rating, but retain Negat aive Outlook. Stocks fell again by fear of coronavirus, the biggest drop was on March 16, 2020. Many consider the economic recession becomes possible.
Tourism is one of the sectors worst affected because of travel restrictions, closure of public places, including tourist attractions, and advises the government on every trip around the world. As a result, many airlines have canceled flights because of lower demand, including, East China and, while the British regional airline collapsed. Some of the train station and the ferry port has also been closed. epidemic coincides with chunyun, the main travel season associated with the Chinese New Year holiday. A number of events involving many people canceled by the central and local governments, including the annual New Year’s festival, with a private company independent also closed their shops and attractions such as and. Many events and tourist attractions have been closed to prevent mass gatherings, including in Beijing and traditional temple fairs. In 24 of China’s 31 provinces, municipalities and regions, the authority extended New Year’s holiday to February 10, instructing the workplace does not re-open until that date. This area represents 80% of the country’s GDP and 90% of exports. Hong Kong raised the response rate to the highest infectious diseases and declare a state of emergency, closed schools until March and cancel its New Year celebrations.
Despite the high prevalence of coronavirus and regions, and subsequent high demand for food products, both areas have been protected from acute. effective measures by China and Italy against the stockpiling and illicit trade in essential products has been done successfully, to avoid acute food shortages are anticipated in Europe and in North America. Northern Italy with significant agricultural production have not seen a big drop, but the price can be increased according to industry representatives. empty food shelves just encountered while, even in the city of Wuhan, while the Chinese government officials released pork reserves to ensure adequate nutrition of the population. Similar laws exist in Italy, which require food producers to maintain reserves for emergencies like.
Because of the impact of this outbreak of coronavirus and travel industry, many regions experienced a decline. Between January 1 and March 11, 2020, who observed a marked drop in emissions from cars, power plants and factories in the region in northern Italy, to coincide with lockdowns in the region. Research Center for Energy and Water reported that methods to prevent the spread of coronavirus, such as quarantine and travel restrictions, resulting in a 25% reduction of in China. In the first month lockdowns, China produces about 200 million metric tons less than the same period in 2019, due to a decrease in air traffic, oil refining, and coal consumption.
Despite the temporary reduction of global carbon emissions, warned that the economic turmoil caused by the rupture of a coronavirus can prevent or delay the company from investing in. This has prompted the adoption though.
Another downfall recently and rapidly accelerate the disease is a religious service cancellation, a major event in the sport, that, and other social events, such as music festivals and concerts, technology conferences, fashion shows and sports.
The Vatican announced that the worship of Rome, which occurred during the last week of the Christian penitential season, has been canceled. Much recommended Christian older to stay at home rather than going on a Sunday, which is; some churches have been made available through livestreaming online or television. With the closing of churches and chapels, now empty of; On the other hand, despite canceling the service, have left the churches are open to. Similarly, it is recommended that the congregation suspend Friday prayers and gatherings. issued guidelines stating that “public meetings in synagogues and schools have very limited” while recommending to cancel the service in.
The pandemic has caused, at least the most significant disruption to the worldwide sporting calendar since. Most major sporting events scheduled to take place now or in the next few weeks have either canceled or postponed, including ,,,, and. outbreak has been concern scheduled to start in late July in Tokyo.
On March 18, most of the casinos and places of other games around the world have been closed indefinitely, and many will come alive have either postponed, canceled, or (in jurisdictions where it is currently allowed) moving to a. The tournament was originally scheduled to be played live and is now being played online, including 2020 Shuts down suddenly live poker has led to a huge spike in traffic online poker. This has been attributed in part to the closure of most infinite life casinos and other gaming around the world and most of the sudden scarcity of live entertainment options due to widespread disruption of sports and entertainment schedule throughout the world. Many operators reported a traffic of two or more previous volume, depending on the time of day. 
The entertainment industry has also been affected, with various musical groups to suspend or cancel a concert tour. Many large theaters like those in the well to stop all performances. Some artists have explored ways to continue to produce and work sharing via the Internet as an alternative to traditional live performance, such as concerts or create a web-based “festival” for artists to perform, distribute and publish their work.
The impact of political, cultural, and socio-economics of a pandemic can together cause a major change in human society. They include hikes, global localization and enhancement.
pandemic has claimed would lead to “a revolution in working from home” as the big companies have been transferred to the setting to slow the spread of the virus. This effect has also been observed in the resurrection. In addition, there may also be a reduction and an international conference, to replace the virtual replacement.
A broader reversal has also been discussed, especially in terms of the supply chain. German Economy Minister has supported the localization of the supply chain as a reaction to the pandemic.
Since the breakup, height, and racism have been recorded against the people of China and other East Asian descent, as the incidence of fear, suspicion and hostility have been observed in many countries, especially in and territories. Some countries are seeing rising anti-China sentiment as well. There is support for Chinese, both on and offline against them in the areas hit by the virus, but many residents of Wuhan and Hubei have reported experiencing discrimination based on their area of origin. Since the development of the plague to the countries of hot-spot, the people of Italy, central Europe, also have experienced prejudice and xenophobia.
Residents in various countries, including, New Zealand, Singapore, and has signed a petition to lobby their governments to ban the Chinese people entering their country. Inside, #ChineseDontComeToJapan hashtag was trending on Twitter. Chinese people in the UK say they are facing increasing levels of racist abuse, with cases reported attack. The protesters attacked a bus carrying Ukrainian and foreign refugees from Wuhan. Students from, which shares borders with China, which studies in major cities of India have reportedly experienced harassment related to the outbreak of coronavirus. Local authorities in the country of Japan quarantined even though they do not have symptoms associated with the coronavirus. In the Russian cities of Moscow and, a Chinese citizen being targeted campaign to enforce quarantine, as well as police raids, which were condemned by human rights advocates as racial profiling. Chinese Embassy in Germany has recognized the increase in cases since the outbreak hostile towards its citizens. Children of Asian descent were ostracized and ridiculed over their origins in secondary school near Paris. Many reports have also been the subject of harassment since the outbreak of coronavirus in Wuhan.
On January 30, the Emergency Committee WHO issued a statement advising all countries to beware of “the principles of Article 3 of the IHR (that),” the WHO said it was cautious on “actions that promote stigma or discrimination, “when action national response to outbreaks.
Because of the urgency of the epidemic, many scientific publishers made scientific work related to the outbreak provided with. Some scientists choose to share their results quickly on the server such as, while archivists create an open access database of more than 5,000 papers on the coronavirus, which they download from.
In addition, the platform launched PREreview Plague fast Sciences to do a quick precast associated with the outbreak emerged.
medical service providers, including and, are involved in the movement of Free Open Access Medicine quickly prepared well informed of diseases and treatment procedures in which rapidly circulated by the agency including and.
Interactive computing games have also been used to help with the “design and identify protein that may be able to bind and neutralize the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein used to attack the host cells. Scientists hope that the creation of a player will yield insight which will enable them to make an effective antiviral therapy for COVID-19. ” is the online video game that challenges players to fold proteins into a form in which they are stable: “The player-who can work alone or in teams-using system puzzle game to develop the structure of a new protein that can be tested by biochemist in the laboratory for use in antiviral drugs. ” developed by asking people to donate them to other types of computing and involving SARS-CoV-2. driven by the in has been used for the same purpose.
After the initial outbreak, the spread of conspiracy theories and misinformation online about the origin and scale COVID 19th coronavirus. Various social media posts is claimed virus, scheme, or the result of.
, and announced that they would take stringent measures against the possibility of wrong information. In a blog post, Facebook said they would remove content that is marked by the global leading health organizations and local governments that violate content policy on misinformation that leads to the “physical destruction.”
On 2 February, the WHO said there was “massive infodemic” that accompanies the outbreak and response, citing an overabundance of information reported, inaccurate and false, about a virus which “makes it difficult for people to find the source trustworthy and reliable guidance when they need it. ” WHO said that the high demand for timely information and reliable have incentives immediate creation myth-busting WHO 24/7 hotline where communication and social media team has been monitoring and responding to misinformation through its website and social media pages. WHO specifically debunked as fakes some of the claims that have been circulating on social media, including that a person can tell if they have the virus or not simply by holding their breath; that drinking plenty of water will protect against viruses; and that gargling salt water will prevent infection.
Taiwan authorities accused ‘s online spread disinformation to sow fear and panic among Taiwan. Conspiracy theories about COVID-19 to creation ‘s to keep China down all through the Internet in China. On January 26, Xilu news agency published an article that claimed the virus was artificially combined by the United States for the “right target the Chinese people”. , A spokesman of the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs, tweeted in March 2020 that the disease may have been introduced by members of the American soldiers who visited Wuhan in October 2019. On February 22, US officials say they have found a Russian-related social media accounts deliberately promotes theory anti-American conspiracy, such as “waging economic war” in China, which was rejected by Russia.Trump economic adviser and several members have been accused of providing false information about coronavirus.
Iranian cleric Seyyed Mohammad Saidi accused President Trump targets with the coronavirus to fulfill previous promises retaliation against Iran cultural sites. Iran Ali Akbar Raefipour researchers claim that the coronavirus was part of the “hybrid war” being waged by the United States against Iran and China. Iran insists that “the elements of developing a deadly strain of coronavirus against Iran”. According to many authors in has promoted conspiracy theories COVID-19 was deliberately created and spread by the United States, as “part of the economic war and psychological waged by the US against China with the aim to weaken and serves as a backward country and a source of disease”.
In a move that commentators assume blame state propaganda Deflect for poor handling of the epidemic, several officials, including a spokesman for the foreign ministry, the state news agency, has protested at the alleged “politicization” plague countries. Perhaps prompted by a press conference on February 27 in which, a leading expert, said that “the coronavirus that first appeared in China but may not have originated in China”, the official individual has echoed the claims Xinhua that “the WHO has said repeatedly that COVID – 19 is a global phenomenon with its source has not been determined. ”
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