Questions and answers coronavirus disease (COVID-19)
coronavirus is a large family of viruses that can cause disease in animals and humans. In humans, it is known that some of the coronavirus causing respiratory tract infections from the common cold to more serious diseases such as the Middle East respiratory syndrome (mer) and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). coronavirus that has been discovered recently coronavirus causes disease COVID-19.
COVID-19 is an infectious disease caused by a coronavirus has been found recently. Both of the new virus as the disease is unknown before the outbreak of plague in Wuhan (China) in December 2019.
The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, fatigue and a dry cough. Some patients may experience pain, nasal congestion, runny nose, sore throat or diarrhea. These symptoms are usually mild and occur gradually. Some people who are infected but do not show any symptoms and is not bad. Most people (about 80%) recovered from illness without requiring special care. Approximately 1 in 6 people who get COVID-19 developed a serious illness and had difficulty breathing. The elderly and people suffering from medical conditions such as hypertension, heart problems or diabetes, are more likely to develop serious illness. Approximately 2% of people who contract the disease have died. People who have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing should seek medical attention.
A person can get in contact COVID-19 with another infected by the virus. This disease can spread from person to person via droplets from the nose or mouth that is thrown when an infected person coughs or exhale. These droplets falling on the object and the surrounding surface, so that others can get COVID-19 if they touch items or surfaces and then touching your eyes, nose or mouth. They can also spread by inhaling droplets that have spread COVID 19th person with cough or breathing. Therefore it is important to stay more than 1 meter (3 feet) from people who are sick.
WHO is ongoing research on ways to deploy COVID-19 will continue to report updated results.
studies to date indicate that the virus that causes COVID-19 is mainly transmitted through contact with respiratory droplets, not through the air. See the previous answer to the question “How COVID-19 spreads?”
The main way the disease is spread through respiratory droplets expelled by someone coughing. The risk of contracting COVID-19 from someone who had no symptoms is very low. However, many people are getting COVID 19th only mild symptoms. This is especially true in the early stages of the disease. Therefore, it is possible to get someone who, for example, has only a mild cough and did not feel any pain. WHO is ongoing research on the transmission period COVID-19 and will continue to report updated results.
The risk of contracting COVID-19 with a contact with the feces of infected people appears to be low. Although early studies showed that the virus may be present in some cases in the stool, spread route is not one of the characteristic features of the outbreak. WHO is ongoing research on ways to deploy COVID-19 and will continue to report new results. However, it is a risk and because it is one more reason to wash their hands often, after going to the bathroom and before eating.
Constantly updated information on outbreaks COVID-19, which can be accessed on the WHO website and through the relevant public health authorities at national and local levels. There are cases in many countries around the world, and some of them have an outbreak. authorities of China and other countries withoften slow or stop the progression of the outbreak, but the situation is unpredictable and you need to check the latest news on a regular basis.
There are some precautions that can be taken to reduce the chances of contracting or spreading COVID-19:
Why? Wash hands with soap and water or use alcohol-based hand sanitizer to kill viruses that may be in your hands.
Why? When a person coughs or sneezes, bouncing through the nose or mouth of liquid droplets that may contain viruses. If you get too close, you can inhale those droplets and the virus COVID-19, if the person has a cough illness.
Why? Hands touch many surfaces and can collect the virus. Once the contaminated hands can transfer the virus to the eyes, nose or mouth. From there, the virus can enter the body and cause of your illness.
Why? The virus spreads through droplets. A good respiratory hygiene is to protect the people around viruses such as colds, flu and COVID-19.
Why? national and local authorities will have the latest on the situation in their zone information. Call ahead will allow your health care dispenser to direct you quickly to the right medical center. It also will protect you and help you to prevent the spread of viruses and other infections.
Why? national and local authorities will have the latest information about whether COVID-19 spread in your area. Partners is best placed to give advice on what to do people in your area to be protected.
Why? These precautions should be taken in these areas because the probability of getting a higher COVID 19th.
• Follow the guidelines described above (Steps protection to everyone)
• Stay home if you start to feel sick, even if their symptoms such mild headache, slight fever (37.3 ° C or more) and mild rhinorrhea, until he recovers. If you feel the need to leave home or receive visits (eg for food), wear a mask to avoid infecting others.
Why? Avoid contact with other people and visits to health centers would allow the latter to operate more efficiently and help protect you and others from infection by viruses COVID-19 or others.
• If you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical advice as soon as it can be caused by a respiratory infection or other serious conditions. Call ahead and tell your health care dispensers on every ride newly or contacts you have with tourists.
Why? Call ahead will allow your health care dispenser to direct you quickly to the right medical center. It will also help prevent the spread of viruses and other infections.
risk depends on where you are and, more specifically, that if you are having an outbreak COVID-19 at that location.
for most people in most places, the risk of contracting the disease is still low. However, we know that there are some places (city or area) that is spreading and where the risk of getting it is higher, the better for the people who live in it and for those who visit them. Governments and health authorities acted with determination every time a new case is detected COVID 19th. It is important that we all respect the restrictions on travel, travel and mass meetings of people apply to any particular location. If we work together with measures to combat this disease, we will reduce our risk of any of our contracting or spreading.
As has been proven in China and other countries, it is possible to stop outbreaks COVID-19 and the transmission stops. However, the great speed with which new growth our troops may seem aware of the situation in the places where we are or where we intend to go. WHO publishes daily updateson the situation COVID 19th in the world, which is available in English on the page.
Usually, the symptoms COVID-19 is a lightweight, especially in children and young adults. However, they also can be serious and require hospitalization for about one in five infected. Therefore, it is normal to worry about the effects that plague COVID-19 may have on us and our loved ones.
These concerns should serve to take protective measures for us, our loved ones and the community in which we live. The main measure and the most important is regular and complete hand hygiene and respiratory tract. Secondly, it is important to stay informed and follow the advice of local health authorities, such as those related to travel, travel and events where you can concentrate a lot of people. You can see tips on page protection.
We still have much to learn about how COVID 2019 affect humans, but it seems that the elderly and those who suffer from the condition pre-existing medical (such as hypertension, heart disease or diabetes) developed a severe case of disease more often than others.
No. Antibiotics are not effective against the virus, only against bacterial infections. COVID-19 is caused by a virus, so that no antibiotics are used to fight it. antibiotics should not be used as a preventative or treatment COVID-19. It should only be used to treat bacterial infections as directed by your doctor.
Although some homemade traditional Western medicine, or can provide comfort and relieve the symptoms of COVID-19, there is no evidence that the current drugs can prevent or cure the disease. WHO recommends self-medication, particularly antibiotics, to prevent or cure COVID-19. There are several ongoing clinical trials with traditional medicine and western. WHO will provide updated information as soon as the results of clinical trials are available.
Not yet. To date, there is no vaccine or specific antiviral drugs to prevent or treat COVID 2019. However, those affected should receive health care with ease symptoms. People with severe cases of the disease have to be hospitalized. Most patients recover with the help of support measures.
particular drug treatments are investigating the possibility of vaccine and different. There are clinical trials underway to test them. WHO to coordinate efforts aimed at the development of vaccines and drugs to prevent and treat COVID-19
The most effective way to protect yourself and others against COVID-19 are:. Wash hands often, cover your mouth with your elbow or a tissue to cough and keep a distance of at least 1 meter (3 feet) with people who are coughing or sneezing. (See What can I do to protect yourself and prevent the spread of disease?).
No. The viral genome that cause COVID-19 and is responsible for severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is similar, but not identical. SARS is more deadly but far fewer infections than those COVID 19th. Since 2003, there has been no outbreak of SARS anywhere in the world.
If there is no respiratory symptoms characteristic COVID-19 (especially, cough) is present or not care for someone you may have contracted the disease, you do not need to wear medical masks. Remember that disposable masks can only be used once and note that if you are not sick or care for someone, who squandered a mask. Shares mask in the world are being depleted, and WHO urged to use them wisely.
WHO recommends to make rational use of clinical masks to avoid unnecessary waste or improperly using some valuable tools (see When and how to use the masks).
COVID-19 action on the most effective way to protect yourself and others, including washing hands frequently, cover your mouth with your elbow or a tissue to cougher and keep a distance of at least 1 meter (3 feet) with people cough or sneeze. For more information on this, basic protective measures are available to the new coronavirus.
1. Remember that the person should wear a mask of health workers, carers and people with respiratory symptoms such as fever and cough.
2. Before touching a mask, wash your hands with an alcohol-based hand sanitizer or soap and water.
3. Check the mask to see if you have tears or holes.
4. East top (where it meets the metal strip).
5. Be sure to indicate the right side of the mask (colored side).
6. Put the mask on your face. Pinch the edges stiff metal strip or a mask to fit the shape of her nose.
7. Pull down the bottom of the mask that covers the mouth and chin.
8. After use, remove the mask; remove the elastic band behind the ears keep the mask from his face and clothes, do not touch the surface of the mask potentially contaminated.
9. Remove the mask in a sealed container immediately after use.
10. Wash your hands after touching or discard the mask. Use disinfectants based on alcohol or, if they are visibly dirty, wash with soap and water.
“incubation period” is the time between infection with the virus and the disease symptoms. Most estimates of the incubation period COVID-19 between 1 and 14 days, and generally about five days. This estimate will be updated as more data.
have a large family coronavirus virus is common among bats and other animals. Rarely people infected by this virus, which can then be spread to others. For example, SARS-CoV associated with ferrets and mer-CoV is transmitted through the Dromedary. It is not yet confirmed the animal may COVID-19.
As a measure of protection for visiting live animal markets or in other similar situations, avoid direct contact with the animals and surfaces in contact with them. Make sure all times observe good hygiene practices in food. Careful handling of meat, milk or raw animal organs to prevent contamination of raw foods and avoiding the consumption of animal products raw or undercooked.
Although there have been cases of dogs infected in Hong Kong, to date there is no evidence that a dog, cat or any pet can send COVID-19. COVID-19 is mainly spread through droplets produced by an infected person’s cough, sneeze or talk. To protect yourself, wash your hands as often as background.
WHO remain at the top of the latest research on this issue and other issues COVID-19 and provide updated information on their conclusions will be obtained.
No one knows for sure how long survive the virus that causes COVID-19 on the surface, but it seems to behave like other coronaviruses. Studies (including the initial information on the virus COVID-19) showed that the coronavirus can survive in an area of a few hours to several days. The time can vary depending on the conditions (eg, type of surface, temperature or humidity of the environment).
believed that the surface may be infected, wash with common disinfectants to kill the virus and thereby protect themselves and others. Wash your hands with an alcohol-based hand sanitizer or soap and water. Avoid touching your eyes, mouth or nose.
Yes. The probability that an infected person contaminates commercial goods are low, and the risk of causing COVID-19 virus through contact with a package that has been handled, transported and exposed to different conditions and temperatures too low.
The following measures are not effective against COVID 2019 and can of strugglediciales:
In any case, if you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, trying to get medical attention as soon as possible to reduce the risk of developing a serious infection, and be sure to inform your dispenser. health care on their last trip
link for more information
COVID-19 website at:
WHO Tips for trips:
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