que es un rotavirus en adultos

  • 5 min read
  • Jan 31, 2020

Infección po Rotavirus
Infección po Rotavirus

Last Update: Tuesday, December 29, 2015 – at 18: 00h

rotavirus causing infection or bowel affected. Discovered by Australian virologist Ruth Bishop in 1873. It belongs to the family of reoviridiae, vertebrate virus family that can affect the digestive system and the respiratory tract of the host. But it can also affect adults, who are most likely to catch the virus are children, especially infants.

It is characterized by a highly contagious and difficult. The infection is considered a public health problem, particularly in developing countries.

There are several types of rotavirus, which can affect humans and animals and which manifest themselves at different times of the year. Rotavirus group A, B and C are those that affect humans; in particular, those of the group A is the biggest trigger of acute gastroenteritis in children under five worldwide, according to research, University Nacional Autonoma de Mexico.

The infection is transmitted to enter in contact with the feces of infected orally, because the virus can survive for several hours on hands, and for days on solid surfaces, such as diapers, clothing, blankets, etc .. In addition, can also be transmitted through the consumption of food or water infected with the virus.

The main symptoms of rotavirus is, fever and vomiting. It is very important to control the hydration of those infected with the disease, because it usually causes severe diarrhea. Dehydration in the case of rotavirus is more common than other infections and in extreme cases can cause death, especially in infants and children. abdominal pain along with other symptoms, it can also be an indication of rotavirus infection.

The virus has an incubation period of two days, approximately, before symptoms appear. diarrhea usually lasts five to ten days and the fever is usually mild. Although rotavirus infection can cause death by dehydration, the mortality rate in developed countries is very low; This is because there is accessibility rehydration treatment. However, the spread of this disease is a common cause of hospital admission.

A child can be infected by rotavirus on more than one occasion, however, because of the activation and strengthening the immune system, which usually spreads first also being the most severe.

severity of symptoms and their evolution over time depends on many factors, such as age or previous health conditions of the infected, so there is no risk group.

This is currently no vaccine against this infection, which is administered orally from the age of six weeks.

rotavirus is highly contagious, so, once the infection is confirmed, the infected should protect at all times and should strive to maintain minimal contact. Classrooms, kindergartens and public places can be the scene of the outbreak.

Although hand washing is not a guarantee to avoid the virus, good hygiene reduces the likelihood of contracting the disease.

Despite their symptoms, especially if they are all real, is an indication of the possibility of infection by rotavirus, these symptoms can occur with many other diseases, especially in children, so that symptoms do not always lead to a clear diagnosis ,

The best way to determine whether rotavirus infection is the analysis of impurities.

it is possible to prevent infection with the vaccine but, once the virus is contracted, there is no specific medication to treat it. The key to alleviate the disease is kept hydrated. If severe fluid loss (diarrhea, acute or constant vomiting) provision of serum electrolytes needed.

In the case of infants, often can not tolerate liquids, so that hospitalization is necessary to make rehydration.

Rotavirus is the most common cause of acute gastroenteritis in the world and mainly affects children and lactprevious.

The World Health Organization Health numbers between 450,000 and 550,000 child deaths per year worldwide are caused by this infection.

Although adults can be infected, your image is usually clinically to be much lighter than in the case of the smallest.

Since the pharmaceutical company Sanofi argues that even in developed countries the virus is not fatal, implies a high utilization of economic resources and assistance and have the emotional impact and a significant material on families of infected children.

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