stomach flu symptoms adults

  • 7 min read
  • Des 04, 2019

24-Hour Stomach Flu: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment
24-Hour Stomach Flu: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

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/// / gastroenteritis (stomach flu) Articles

Gastroenteritis is a term specific to the various problems of inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract with the most symptoms and general signs become ,,, and diarrhea. Gastroenteritis is often referred to as the “stomach flu,” however, was not associated with the virus.

In the US, less than 2% of the approximately 100 million people per year with stomach ever require hospitalization, but in developing countries is a major cause of death, mainly because of dehydration.

signs and symptoms of stomach flu can vary depending on the cause.

The symptoms can occur in some individuals with either viral or bacterial stomach flu. Symptoms can also be seen with other causes of stomach flu (medicine, food, toxins), for example:

Children with gastroenteritis or stomach flu usually diarrhea, but may have other symptoms, such as:

Most causes of virus and bacteria from the stomach flu can transfer to others by direct contact indirectly, usually through the fecal-oral route

bacteria and -. infectious agent – (most common cause) is the most frequent cause of gastroenteritis in the United States and around the world. The infection causes diarrhea and other symptoms by causing inflammation (GI) tissue digestion. Infections increase the content of fluid in the intestine and by altering the digestive tract’s ability to absorb water and to increase the speed of transit (motility) for things that you swallow. This, in turn, causes diarrhea. infectious agents can physically damage the intestinal cells directly or indirectly to the toxins released.

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The most common cause of gastroenteritis in the US and the world is Norovirus. It is thought that around 50% -70% of cases of viral gastroenteritis, while the rotavirus, astrovirus, and Sapovirus cause of most of the other viral gastroenteritis infection. Norovirus is also listed as a major cause of gastroenteritis in children under 5 years old according to the Centers for Disease Control and (CDC).

cause of bacterial gastroenteritis occurring around the world are Salmonella, Shigella, Campylobacter Aeromonas, and () strains of bacteria. Other bacteria such as Clostridium ,, Campylobacter, and Yersinia spp can cause occasional outbreaks. Sometimes, some of the bacteria that cause gastroenteritis (eg, Salmonella, E. coli strains only) can result in hemorrhagic or bloody diarrhea.

The parasites such as Cryptosporidium infection, and Entamoeba can cause gastroenteritis and sometimes, other parasites have an outbreak such as Cyclospora outbreak that occurred in 2012-2013 in the US

There are many other causes less frequent gastroenteritis such as food (eosinophilic gastroenteritis), antibiotics, and toxins. Symptoms of gastroenteritis is often listed as a possible side effect of many medications.

In most cases, the food and come into contact with dirt contaminated with infecting agent. This can occur in the field, or in the transportation, storage, and processing of food and beverages. In processed foods and beverages, this contamination is relatively rare, but when it happens, outbreaks of the disease is often traced back to faulty equipment, human error in the processing and / or details of quality control procedures.

gastroenteritis (stomach flu) is a common disease worldwide, and nearly all people suffering from it a few times in their lives because virtually impossible to avoid contact with some of the causes of viruses and bacteria.

If gastroenteritis symptoms last more than five days, increasing severity (fever of 101 F or 38.33 C or higher), or a person develops bloody diarrhea, dehydration, constant or other symptoms see a doctor. Patients may have some symptoms of gastroenteritis but may have a more serious illness than self-limiting gastroenteritis. Signs and may include decreased or no urine production, dry membranes, or skin, no tears, and while children may show little orno urination, become lethargic, have skin that “tents” when squeezed. Signs of dehydration in people a good reason to see a doctor immediately.

There is no specific test for gastroenteritis, so gastroenteritis is most often diagnosed by symptoms produce, especially diarrhea. Because gastroenteritis is usually a self-limited disease, the majority of people who have seen or diagnosed by a doctor. However, during outbreaks as seen on cruise ships, and bacteria or virus culture and other immunological tests based can finally identify the pathogen. At the time of this identification occurs, most individuals with gastroenteritis has started to recover.

When symptoms become severe gastroenteritis, the most common health officials and health care professionals run these tests to identify the specific causative agent of disease, based on all of the patient’s history, physical examination, and symptoms. In addition, patients with a history of the same new food or drink they have in common with others often helps to find the source of the disease (for example, people who have diarrhea have a salad from the same food source).

Although the stomach flu and share some common symptoms such as diarrhea, nausea and vomiting ,, muscle pain, for example, they are not exactly the same conditions.

As a result, there is some crossover between the two terms

In addition :.

Although both the stomach flu and flu (influenza) can be caused by viruses, genus and species are different for each entity.

Some health care professionals recommend a special diet for gastroenteritis, especially for viral infections and / or bacteria in children. First and foremost is enough rehydration fluids to prevent dehydration.

Diet is often suggested termed the “BRAT” diet. This diet consists of foods that do not usually annoying but soothing to the digestive tract. Stands for bananas, rice, applesauce and toast. Although some doctors think this diet may not be real patient benefits, others recommend it for adults and children for one or two days to make the transition from acute gastroenteritis symptoms resolve in patients with previously normal diet.

Most people with stomach flu do not need formal treatment. The key to a quick recovery and safe at home (home remedy) is proper hydration. If dehydration occurs, the patient should be evaluated by a doctor. Many health care professionals choose to start IV fluids, treatment options for rapid rehydration.

Other medications may be prescribed to reduce the symptoms of gastroenteritis. To reduce vomiting (Phenergan), (), or () is often used. Some doctors recommend using these agents just as suppositories or fast disintegrating tablet on the tongue because the patient may vomit the pills up. Others may prescribe () or lopermadine () to slow diarrhea while others are not as drugs can prolong the disease in some individuals. Many doctors recommend no medical treatment for symptoms of gastroenteritis because all drugs have side effects and if it stays well-hydrated patients, symptoms usually stop soon.

As gastroenteritis symptoms subside, especially vomiting, the doctor may recommend the BRAT diet (bananas, rice, apples and toast) for one or two days before returning to a regular diet of the patient. Potatoes, lean meats such as chicken and whole grains can help replace lost nutrients and diarrhea.

Patients who have more serious symptoms or other symptoms in addition to gastroenteritis need to be evaluated, diagnosed, and treated by a doctor because the patient is likely to have certain diseases that will require treatment. Treatment will depend on the cause of the disease (eg, salmonellosis or Clostridium difficile toxins). Antibiotics and other treatments can not be recommended for some of these diseases so that an accurate diagnosis of the disease is important. For patients with Clostridium difficile infection, antibiotic sensitivity testing may be done to determine the most effective antibiotic to use.

Depending on the cause gastroenteritis, it can be considered to be acute or chronic.

Most patients who get gastroenteritis do not have complications and actually be recovered. The main complication for some patients are dehydrated; infants, children, elderly and immunosuppressed people at high risk for this complication. In many third world countries, hydration baby is difficult at best so there are many infant deaths worldwide due to dehydration caused by gastroenteritis.

The prognosis (outlook) for a complete recovery are very good in the majority of people infected with the virus and bacterial gastroenteritis caused, as long as people keep hydrated , Because infants, children, women, and older adults or immunosuppression, usually dehydrated faster than adults healthy and sometimes more difficult to rehydrate orally, their prognosis can range from very good to poor. their prognosis depends on how dehydrated they become and how effective is an attempt to rehydrate the patient.

The prognosis for patients with symptoms of gastroenteritis as part of the disease process (eg,) varied from good to poor, depending on the severity of a particular disease process.

There is no diet that will prevent gastroenteritis but food preparation plays a strong role in preventing gastroenteritis. In general, there are several actions that can be taken to prevent or reduce the chance of getting gastroenteritis, including:

There is a vaccine available against rotavirus that has reduced infection in children. Also, there is no vaccine available against which causes cholera bacteria (Vibrio), but is not widely available. A Norovirus vaccine clinical trials conducted with some success. It is entirely possible in the near future will be commercially available to multiple causes.

Most people with the virus or mild gastroenteritis caused by bacteria does not require treatment or can be treated by the patient’s primary care provider or pediatrician. For patients with more severe gastroenteritis, a specialist in infectious diseases such as, gastroenterologists, specialists, allergists, critical care physicians, and hematology can be consulted.

Endoscopy is a broad term used to describe a check inside the body using a lighted, flexible instrument called an endoscope. Endoscopic procedures performed on the patient to examine the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum; and find the cause of symptoms such as abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, difficulty swallowing, or intestinal bleeding.

The common symptoms of stomach flu include
gag,
diarrhea,
nausea, and
stomach ache.
Generally, the stomach flu is treated at home by treating the symptoms with home remedies and OTC drugs.

Some doctors and other health professionals recommend natural remedies like chamomile or peppermint tea, or pumpkins to relieve bloating. Examples of OTC medications (medications that are available without a prescription) and other products that can alleviate bloating and gassiness is, Gas-X, Beano, Pepto Bismol, Metamucil, probiotics, and Ex-Lax for constipation associated with bloating. If you have a gas continuous or heavy and bloated, and if you have any of these symptoms see a doctor or other healthcare professional, shortness of breath, palpitations, chest pain, bloody diarrhea, fever, or if you think you are or might pregnant.

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