the vector for the hantavirus pulmonary syndrome

  • 4 min read
  • Feb 23, 2020

Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome in Canada - Canada.ca
Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome in Canada – Canada.ca

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Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) is a life-threatening disease that is rare but serious man. It can be contracted by inhaling airborne dust and small particles contaminated with HPS. Rodents eventually found to be carriers of the virus. Since the first detection in the United States in 1993, hantavirus have been found in 35 countries. More than 96% of cases occur in states west of the Mississippi.

It was first recognized as a public health problem when it causes hemorrhagic fever in soldiers who served in the regions Hantaan of Korea in 1950. Hantavirus was first diagnosed in the United States in 1993 in the Four Corners area of ​​the southwest (where the borders of Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico and Utah meet). In December 1993, 53 people have been diagnosed with the disease and 32 patients have died. Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and other agencies conduct intensive research in the area and found the hantavirus in the urine and feces of certain species of rodents. Since then, 60 cases have been diagnosed in California. As recently as 2012, three men who had been camping in Yosemite National Park in California tragically died of hantavirus. They are exposed to the virus when they were camping in Yosemite isolated cabin, where the infected mice had sheltered for the winter. All of California should be aware of hantavirus and take precautions to prevent exposure to the virus in their place of residence, work and recreation.

HPS contracted mainly by the inhalation of small airborne particles contaminated fresh or dried feces, urine or saliva left by infected rodents. Homes, cabins and other structures are filled by rats is a common source of contamination. Sweep or disturbing the floor is covered with rodent feces will cause microscopic particles of dust and debris contaminated with the virus to become airborne. Cleaning activities in the contaminated areas will also interfere with the contaminated particles and make them into the air. Also, direct contact with rodent droppings and then the next touch, scratch or rub the nose, mouth or eyes can cause infection.

Symptoms of the flu-like illness, with fever, headache, shortness of breath, severe muscle pain, cough, vomiting, and abdominal pain. These symptoms can last from several hours to several days. Some victims suffered respiratory failure quickly. Hantavirus in the United States have a mortality rate of 50%. Since 1993, over 690 cases have been diagnosed, including 73 in California. There is no vaccine for hantavirus, and no treatment. Victims of the disease are most often hospitalized and receive supportive care.

The Deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatis), Cotton rats (Sigmodon hispidus), rat Rice (Oryzomys palustris) and the white-footed mouse (Peromyscus leucopus) is a carrier of hantavirus. The Deer mice and rats Cotton is usually found in rural areas but will move to urban areas if food or water sources become scarce. other rodent species may be a carrier but is not involved at this point. There is no evidence that this virus is transmitted from person to person or from insects, pets or livestock.

The best way to reduce the risk of contracting hantavirus is to avoid contact with rodents and rodent droppings. rodent control in and around your home is the best way to keep rodents away. Keep all food, water and garbage in containers with tight fitting lids. Do not leave pet food and water overnight. wash dishes and clean up spilled food. Dispose of trash and clutter. Prevent mice from entering your home by incorporating holes and cracks with steel wool. Mice can fit through a hole the size of a dime. Placing gravel under house reluctant to dig. Points spring trap continuously. Use bait pellets as a supplement to the trap. Always follow label directions when using any rodenticide.

To secure cleaning and dispose of rodent droppings, always wear rubber gloves. Thoroughly spray dead rodents, traps, droppings, etc. with the purpose of general household disinfectant to deactivate any virus. After wetting everything, put disinfectant soaked garbage in sealable plastic bags and dispose of by placing garbage. If you are not sure of the best disposal method for your area, contact your local health department for their advice. It is possible to find hantavirus active rats everywhere rampant or full. Therefore, it is highly recommended that your response after finding ticks following the above protocol. If you do not believe you can clear the clutter from fleas or applying rodent control program, hire a professional to do it for you.

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